Mary Ingraham, PhD (University of Nottingham), MA (University of Victoria), BMus (Mount Allison University)


Faculty of Arts - Music Dept




PhD, Historical and Analytical Musicology, University of Nottingham
Dissertation title:  Brahms’s Rinaldo, Op. 50: A Structural and Contextual Study

MA, Musicology, University of Victoria
Thesis title: Brahms and the Folk Ideal: His Poets and His Art Songs

BMus, Mount Allison University
Piano performance major; German language and literature minor

Current  positions

Professor of Musicology, Department of Music, University of Alberta

Co-founder and Coordinator, Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Music in Canada Research Group

Principal Investigator, “Resounding Culture: Recontextualizing resources for histories of music in Canada”

Principal Investigator, “Aboriginal Multi-Media Society of Alberta: Digitising the Ancestors Project”

Co-investigator, “Connecting Culture and Childhood: Implications of the repatriation of archival recordings
for children and young people”

Researcher Member, Listening Across Disciplines Research Network (University of the Arts London)

President, Pacific Northwest Chapter of the American Musicological Society

Advisory Board Member, Wilfrid Laurier University Press, Music and Musical Life in Canada series


Mary Ingraham is Professor of Musicology at the University of Alberta. She is an interdisciplinary researcher, teacher, and administrator whose interests and activities resonate within the fields of cultural studies and include: critical approaches to coloniality, the politics of culture, and discourse analysis that consider issues of ethnicity, race, gender, and spirituality in identity studies; intersensory studies of sound, listening, and the materiality of musical experience; ecologies and environments in human geography; and methodologies grounded in musicology, ethnomusicology, and a sensitivity to Indigenous practices. Mary has been exploring social and political perspectives on the creation and performance of music and sound in Canada for over 25 years. Her interests are historical and contemporary, critical and pedagogical, and converge in a critique of social systems that enact western hegemonic paradigms through cultural expression. Current activities in scholarly teaching and research include consideration of Indigenous resurgence in inter-arts collaborations, digital-aural ethnography, expressions of interculturality, and the role of sounds and media in cultural preservation and memory.  Dr. Ingraham works collaboratively across arts practices and genres to promote sustainability and access to Indigenous and immigrant cultural materials. She is currently involved in a major partnership project with the Aboriginal Multi-Media Society of Alberta to preserve and disseminate AMMSA’s extensive archive of video and audio recordings dating back to the 1960s. Her research is funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Library and Archives Canada National Heritage Digitization Strategy, Canadian Heritage Aboriginal Languages Initiative, Kule Institute for the Advancement of Scholarship, and the University of Alberta Sound Studies Institute.


Canadian University Music Society (MusCan)
Canadian Music Centre (CMC)
Canadian Society for Traditional Music (CSTM)
Canadian Association for Sound Ecology (CASE)
American Musicological Society (AMS)
Nordic Association for Canadian Studies (NACS)
Society for American Music (SAM)
Society for Ethnomusicology (SEM)
Musicological Society of Australia (MSA)


My primary academic interest is the socio-political context of music, focusing on issues relating to cultural identity and intercultural encounters. My research borrows from my background in academic study of art music but seeks to redress the balance of indigenous and immigrant voices within this context. I study works by creative artists that respond to expressive modes from a broad range of cultures and repertoires, examining the politics of their creation and their expressive response to cultural exchange. The theoretical grounding for my work emanates from postcolonial, literary and political discourses, as well as the theoretical and analytical perspectives of studies in cultural anthropology, sociology, musicology and ethnomusicology. These are accessed specifically for an understanding the lived experiences, reception and aesthetic concepts of space and place and the relationships of society, politics, history and music to constructions of identity, nationhood and belonging.

In 2007, I published a preliminary catalogue of Canadian operas that is currently being reconfigured for digital access. From 2002 to 2007, I served as Consultant, Researcher and Writer of web-based educational projects for the Canadian Music Centre, including serving as sole researcher and content provider for the educational websites sound adventure and Sound Progressions, and as the lead researcher for the initial project on Influences of Many Musics. Since 2009 I have co-coordinated with Dylan Robinson the national Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Music in Canada Working Group, which facilitates cross-, multi- and interdisciplinary discussions and publication on issues such as historiography, indigeneity, listening, performativity, and intersensory studies, among others. 

Recent projects include examining opera and race, studies of the historico-musical record of indigenous representation in Canadian art music, compiling the entry on "Canada" for Oxford Bibliographies in Music, consideration of cross-cultural exchange in postcolonial works and an intersensory study of listening and contemporary music. I am currently working through a three-year SSHRC Insight Grant project entitled "Resounding Culture: Recontextualizing resources for histories of music in Canada" to develop a linked data (digital) resource to facilitate ongoing historical research across interdisciplinary, multicultural, and multifaceted cultural resources through a web portal. In addition to recent published articles on Canadian opera and the use of educational technologies in undergraduate music history courses, I am compiling a textbook of source readings relating to histories of music in Canada with co-editor David Gramit.

Select current research & publications:

Cultural Extractivism: reconciliation or resurgence?

Questions of resource access and ownership lie at the heart of many settler-native disputes. Although the buzzword of postcolonial agenda in contemporary Canada, ‘reconciliation’ of inequities to indigenous individuals and communities may neither be possible nor desirable for communities marked by decades (if not centuries) of cultural extractivism. For Michi Saagigg Nishnaabeg scholar Leanne Simpson, resource extraction threatens not only lands, but entire lifeways of indigenous peoples, making ‘reconciliation’ another place for assimilation. In considering Simpson’s distrust of cultural extractivism, this research examines collaborative multimedia works created in Canada for expressions of alternative, collaborative spaces that revitalize rather than subsume indigenous practices. Viewed through Simpson’s lens of ‘resurgence’, such works magnify the socio-cultural, political, and environmental impacts of cultural resource extraction while acknowledging indigenous agency across the images, text, audio-visual materials, media, and individuals co-present in creative practice.

Echoes from The Lake

This research proposes an intercultural and multimodal approach to Barbara Pentland and Dorothy Livesay’s opera The Lake (1952) that considers its formative and performative resources in articulating Canada’s ongoing decolonization project with First Nations communities. The Lake relates the story of a late 19th century settler-native encounter through dramatization of events involving the spirit of Lake Okanagan, N'ha-a-itk or Ogopogo. Considering present-day interests of the Syilxwto recontextualize these narratives, this work examines the discourses of settler and native, considering aspects of narrativity and temporality in their voices through Catherine Clément’s concept of syncope as revealed in their performance.

Related publication:

Ingraham, M., and B. Wells. 2018. “Listening to the Lake.” University of Toronto Quarterly, Vol. 87, No. 4. (Fall 2018), pp. 102-119. DOI: 10.3138/UTQ.87.4.11.

Deterritorializing Spirituality: Intercultural Encounters in Chan's Iron Road
This research deconstructs the interplay of narrative and musical elements in Ka Nin Chan and Mark Brownell’s 2001 opera Iron Road to encourage greater understanding of the intercultural encounters of immigrant and settler communities over a century ago. Chan and Brownell were inspired by unfamiliar stories of early Chinese immigrants and their silencing in historical accounts of the Canadian West and this research recognizes the workers themselves, revealing the tensions of historical intercultural encounters to revisit their contribution to Canadian history and society. The opera also communicates a contemporary 21st century perspective on interculturality because of the immediacy and mediating properties of both Chinese cultural traditions and the European operatic framework engaged for the work.

Related publication:

Ingraham, M. 2017. “Deterritorializing Spirituality: Intercultural encounters in Chan’s Iron Road.” In China and the West: Music, representation, and reception, M. Saffle & H. Yang, eds. University of Michigan Press, 215-44.

Creative Collaboration: The Social Efficacy of Music in Canada

The Social Efficacy of Music in Canada was a three-year research project spanning 2013-2015, with the goals of better understanding the processes, challenges, and results of musical collaboration between indigenous and non-indigenous artists in Canada.  The research is grouped around three case studies discrete in scope, location, and production protocols. Funded by a SSHRC Partnership Development Grant, this project examined intercultural music collaboration across Canada. Dr. Mary Ingraham (Alberta) worked with both Dr. Robin Elliot (Toronto) and Dr. Dylan Robinson (Queen’s) to build a multi-year research program that would build a better understanding of collaboration between indigenous and non-indigenous communities through case studies in Canada. From 2013-15, investigators and research assistants undertook mixed methods research including direct participation, observation of rehearsals and workshops, and interviews with artistic partners and participation in the First People’s Cultural Council forum on cultural protocols (E’nowkin Centre, Penticton). To view the website, click the link in the right-hand column of this page, or go to

Related publication:

Ingraham, M. “Learning Together at the Lake: Conversations and collaborations from The Lake | N-ha-a-itk.” In Creative Entanglements: Indigenous-Settler Collaboration in Canadian Art Music. J, Strachan and P. Nickleson, eds. McGill-Queens University Press. In development.

Scholarly Activities

Research - Digitizing the Ancestors

The goal of this project is to preserve and document all audio materials in the AMMSA archives through digitization, including establishing culturally-appropriate protocols and processes for future dissemination. Content preserved in the AMMSA Archive is diverse and includes media purchased from the Alberta Native Communications Society (ANCS; defunct as of 1983) as well as the complete collection of AMMSA and CFWE radio. Materials date from the mid-1960s to the present.  Researchers will prepare transcriptions, annotations, and metadata of digitized content to increase its discoverability and the potential for curating new media contexts that support intergenerational teaching and learning.

Research - Resounding Culture: Recontextualizing resources for histories of music in Canada

Started: 20150401

The Resounding Culture project will develop an accessible, searchable multimedia web portal for histories of music and music-making in Canada. The portal will link digitized cultural resources across distinct collections, building on the multi- and intercultural nature of musical practices in Canada and on the potential for innovative use of technology. The purpose of this project is to create a multi-stranded network of histories that intersect, influence, complement, and co-exist. The web portal will employ best practices of metadata curation for cultural heritage materials. Across the project, we will model an approach to cultural histories that respects the diversity of perspectives and practices of music and music-making in Canada across approximately 500 years of cultural history.

Research - Smoke Signals, Satellites, and Servers: Digitizing the ANCS Television Archive (1968-1983)

Started: 20181101

The Aboriginal Multi-Media Society of Alberta (AMMSA) is partnering with the University of Alberta’s Sound Studies Institute (SSI) to digitize its archive of approximately 180 films produced by the Alberta Native Communications Society (1968-1983). The ANCS is one of the earliest Indigenous media corporations in Canada, and its radio, film, television and print media are of national significance. This project preserves materials through professional digitization in preservation and access formats and creates openly available metadata for each item to foster opportunities for discoverability and access within the guidelines for traditional knowledge and cultural heritage. Smoke Signals, Satellites and Servers uses best practices in media digitization and protocols for working with indigenous communities -- including the Open Language Archives Community (OLAC) principles and the Indigitization protocols (UBC Toolkit) -- and will digitize two sets of materials: 1) films and television programs previously released to the public, and 2) unreleased projects and materials.


"Listening to the Lake"

Author(s): Mary Ingraham, Brianna Wells
Publication Date: 2018
Publication: University of Toronto Quarterly
Volume: 87
Issue: 4
Page Numbers: 102-119

"Student Behaviour and Performance in Relation to Interaction with On-line Activities in a Postsecondary Music Course."

Author(s): Patricia Boechler, Mary I. Ingraham, Luis Marin, & Erik deJong
Publication Date: 2017
Publication: International Journal for Infonomics (IJI)
Volume: 10
Issue: 4
External Link:

"Music in Canadian Culture: A pedagogial alternative to the narrative of national development."

Author(s): David Gramit & Mary I. Ingraham
Publication Date: 2017
Publication: Teaching Canada - Enseigner le Canada. Vissner Verlag
Page Numbers: 149-162

"Deterritorializing Spirituality: Intercultural encounters in Chan's 'Iron Road'."

Author(s): Mary I. Ingraham
Publication Date: 2017
Publication: China and the West: Music, representation, and reception. Ed. M. Saffle and H. Yang
Page Numbers: 215-244
External Link:

"Individual Differences, Student Satisfaction and Performance in Supplemental On-line Activities in a Postsecondary Music Course."

Author(s): Patricia Boechler, Mary I. Ingraham, Luis Marin, & Erik deJong
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Literary Information and Computer Education Journal (LICEJ)
Volume: 7
Issue: 3
Page Numbers: 2376-2383
External Link:

"The Other Within: Opera and Culture in Canada."

Author(s): Mary I. Ingraham
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Opera in a Multicultural World: Coloniality, culture, performance. Eds. Ingraham, So, Moodley.
Page Numbers: 68-83
External Link:

"Opera in a Multicultural World: Coloniality, culture, performance."

Author(s): Mary I. Ingraham, Joseph So, and Roy Moodley
Publication Date: 2016
External Link:

"A Framework for Designing On-line LIstening Activities for Postsecondary Music Courses."

Author(s): Patricia Boechler, Mary I. Ingraham, Luis Marin, Brenda Dalen, & Erik deJong
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer-Verlag
Page Numbers: 97-111
External Link:

"Making the Implicit Explicit: Music Listening, Blended Delivery and the Representational Redescription Model."

Author(s): Patricia Boechler, Mary I. Ingraham, Luis Marin, Brenda Dalen, & Erik deJong
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education
Volume: 6
Issue: 1
Page Numbers: 2095-2105.
External Link:


Author(s): Mary I. Ingraham
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Oxford Bibliographies in Music. Ed. Bruce Gustafson.
External Link: DOI 10.1093/obo/9780199757824-0168

"Noble Savage/Indigene Sauvage: Staging First Nations in early Canadian operas."

Author(s): Mary I. Ingraham
Publication Date: 2014
Publication: Nineteenth-century Music Review
Volume: 11
Issue: 2
Page Numbers: 255-272
External Link:

"Assimilation, Integration, Individuation: The evolution of First Nations musical citizenship in Canadian opera."

Author(s): Mary I. Ingraham
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Opera Indigene. Eds. Pamela Karantonis & Dylan Robinson.
Page Numbers: 211-230

"Something to Sing About: A preliminary list of Canadian staged dramatic music since 1867"

Author(s): Ingraham, Mary
Publication Date: 2007
Publication: INtersections: A Canadian journal of music
Volume: 28
Issue: 1
Page Numbers: 14-77
External Link: