Carmel Montgomery, PhD, MN, BSN, RN

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing

Pronouns: she, her


Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing
(780) 492-4547
5-258 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy
11405 87 Ave NW
Edmonton AB
T6G 1C9


Area of Study / Keywords

Critical Illness Frailty Health Economics Cardiovascular disease Advanced Practice Nursing


I have diverse clinical and administrative experience across multiple care settings. As an ICU nurse, I have worked in both adult and pediatric general units, adult specialized cardiac surgery units, as well as in fixed-wing/rotary air and ground transport of ICU patients. In the community, I served as a palliative home care clinical nurse specialist. Additionally, I led multiple quality, patient safety, and process improvement projects in cardiology, ICU, and emergency departments for several years. My PhD coursework focused on epidemiology, biostatistics, and health economic evaluation. My current research program is centered on clinical and cost outcomes associated with critical illness, particularly in patients with pre-admission frailty, nursing leadership, ICU nursing turnover, and implementation of advanced practice nursing roles.

Academic training

Postdoctoral fellowship - Network of Alberta Health Economists

PhD - Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Alberta

MN - Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta

Advanced Studies in Critical Care Nursing - School of Nursing, Mount Royal University

BSN - College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan


Current research activities

  • Costs associated with low- and high-risk admissions to ICU
  • Functional and quality-of-life outcomes in ECMO survivors
  • Thermoregulation in older patients admitted to ICU
  • Impact of nurse practitioner led post-cardiac surgery follow-up clinic
  • Costs associated with ICU nursing staff turnover
  • Post-ICU syndrome in ICU survivors

Research Funding

As principal investigator

  • Critical Care Strategic Clinical Network New Investigator - Determining Patient Needs in the ICU Survivorship Clinic (2023-2025)
  • Canadian Frailty Network Early Career Researcher - Hospital Discharge Follow-up of ICU Patients with Preadmission Frailty (2022-2024)
  • ARNET Early Career Nursing Investigator - Impact of NP-led cardiac surgery follow-up clinic (2021-2022)
  • Canadian Association of Critical Care Nurses Research Grant – Costs Associated with Early Mortality in ICU (2020-2021)

As co-principal investigator

  • Canadian Frailty Network / CIHR Research Grant - COVID-19 Associated Outcomes of Critical Illness in Patients with Frailty, NPI: OG Rewa (2020-2022)
  • Critical Care Strategic Clinical Network Systematic Review Grant - Frailty-inclusive care pathways in acute and community-based care: Evidence review and synthesis, PI: D Rolfson (2021-2022)

As co-investigator

  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Catlyst Grant: Policy Research for Health Systems Transformation 2022. Project: The Impact of Post-COVID-19 Condition on Nursing Labour Supply, PI: E Rafferty (2023-2024)
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR): REVIVe – Frailty, Rehabilitation, and Hospitalization Outcomes in Adult and Pediatric Survivors of COVID-19, PI: ME Kho, OG Rewa, K Choong (2021-2024)

As collaborator

  • Partnership for Research and Innovation in the Health System (PRIHS 6): Improving the delivery of acute dialysis to critically ill Albertans: Dialyzing Wisely, PI: OG Rewa (2021-2024)


Courses (recent):

NURS 311 - Evidence Informed Nursing Practice (undergraduate)

NURS 316 - Pathophysiology and Pharmacology I (undergraduate)

NURS 125/335 - Nursing Practice - Health Assessment and Nursing Process (undergraduate)

NURS 596 - Foundations in Nursing Research (graduate)

NURS 597 - Understanding Complex Systems (graduate)

Current trainees

Primary supervision

Sarah Lartey, PhD student, co-supervision with Dr. Greta Cummings, Development and pilot testing of the nursing educational institution diversity and inclusin measurement tool. 2021-present.

Ian Alagadan, PhD student, co-supervision with Dr. Greta Cummings, Consequences of ICU nursing leadership turnover on organizational and patient outcomes. 2022-present.

Christopher Picard, PhD student, co-supervision with Dr. Colleen Norris, Triage narratives: Mixed methods analysis of triage nurse documentation in the emergency department. 2023-present.


Prospective graduate students

PhD students - not currently accepting.

MN students - please review my areas of research and provide an outline of your proposed research topic and CV by email.


NURS 597 - Understanding Complex Systems

Explore the complex nature of nursing practice in the context of evolving healthcare systems, including fiscal, policy and regulatory environments. Emphasis is placed on models of care delivery, relationships within and between systems, and issues of health inequity, gender, culture, and bias.

Browse more courses taught by Carmel Montgomery

Featured Publications

Douma, M. J., Myhre, C., Ali, S., Graham, T. A. D., Ruether, K., Brindley, P. G., Dainty, K. N., Smith, K. E., Montgomery, C. L., Dennet, L., Picard, C., Frazer, K., & Kroll, T.

Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2023 November; 49 (6):912-950 10.1016/j.jen.2023.07.001

Picard, C., Cotton, R., Ware, M., Hill, A., Bell, B., Bouffard, L., O'Dochartaigh, D., Dyjur, D., Montgomery, C., Douma, M. J., & Norris, C. M.

Canadian Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2023 May; 46 (1):10-12 10.29173/cjen223

Lartey, S.A., Montgomery, C.L., Olson, J. K., Cummings, G.G.

International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2023 April; 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2023.104496

Moverley, D., Park, T., & Montgomery, C. L.

Canadian Journal of Critical Care Nursing. 2023 April; 34 (1):7-14 10.5737/23688653-3417

Mercier, D., Douma, M. J., & Montgomery, C. L.

Canadian Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2023 March; 45 (3):E3-5 10.29173/cjen200

Picard, C., Kleib, M., Norris, C., O'Rourke, H. M., Montgomery, C., & Douma, M.

JMIR Nursing. 2023 January; 6 10.2196/41331

Bruno, R. R., Wernly, B., Bagshaw, S. M., van den Boogaard, M., Darvall, J. N., De Geer, L., de Gopegui Miguelena, P. R., Heyland, D. K., Hewitt, D., Hope, A. A., Langlais, E., Le Maguet, P., Montgomery, C. L., Papageorgiou, D., Seguin, P., Geense, W. W., Silva-Obregon, J. A., Wolff, G., Polzin, A., Dannenberg, L., Kelm, M., Flaatten, H., Beil, M., Franz, M., Sviri, S., Leaver, S., Guidet, B., Boumendil, A., & Jung, C.

Annals of Intensive Care. 2023 January; 13 (1) 10.1186/S13613-023-01132-X

Douma, M., Picard, C., Su, K., Myhre, C., Smith, K., & Montgomery, C. L.

Canadian Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2023 January; 46 (1):14-18 10.29173/CJEN228

Montgomery, C. L., Stelfox, H. T., Norris, C. M., Rolfson, D. B., Meyer, S. R., Zibdawi, M., & Bagshaw, S. M.

CMAJ Open. 2021 July; 9 (3):E777-E787 10.9778/cmajo.20200034

Montgomery, C. L., Hopkin, G., Bagshaw, S. M., Hessey, E., & Rolfson, D. B.

Systematic Reviews. 2021 March; 10 (83) 10.1186/s13643-021-01638-0

Hessey, E., Montgomery, C. L., Zuege, D. J., Rolfson, D. B., Stelfox, H. T., Fiest, K. M., & Bagshaw, S. M.

Journal of Intensive Care. 2020 December; 8 (1) 10.1186/s40560-020-00494-9

Montgomery, C. L., Thanh, N. X., Stelfox, H. T., Meyer, S. R., Zibdawi, M. A., & Bagshaw, S. M.

CJC Open. 2020 September; 3 (1):54-61 10.1016/j.cjco.2020.09.009

Andersen, S. K., Montgomery, C. L., & Bagshaw, S. M.

Journal of Critical Care. 2020 August; 60 10.1016/j.jcrc.2020.08.024

Montgomery, C. L., Zuege, D. J., Rolfson, D. B., Opgenorth, D., Hudson, D., Stelfox, H. T., & Bagshaw, S. M.

Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 2019 May; 66 (11):1-10 10.1007/s12630-019-01414-8

Montgomery, C. L., Rolfson, D. B., & Bagshaw, S. M.

Critical Care Clinics. 2018 August; 34 (4):527-247 10.1016/j.ccc.2018.06.007

Montgomery, C. L., & Bagshaw, S. M.

Intensive Care Medicine. 2017 January; 43 (12):1887-1888 10.1007/s00134-017-4974-y

Montgomery, C. L., Pooler, C., Arsenault, J. E., Berean, C., Sharman, R., Cameron, C. L., & de Kock, I.

Home Healthcare Now. 2017 January; 35 (4):196-201 10.1097/NHH.0000000000000526

Bagshaw, S. M., Mondor, E. E., Scouten, C., Montgomery, C., Slater-MacLean, L., Jones, D. A., Bellomo, R., & Gibney, R. T.

American Journal of Critical Care. 2010 January; 19 (1):74-83 10.4037/ajcc2009532

McKim, R., Warren, S., Montgomery, C., Zaborowski, J., McKee, C., Towers, D., & Rowe, B. H.

Healthcare Quarterly. 2007 January; 10 (1):34-42 10.12927/hcq..18647

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