Carole Estabrooks, CM, PhD, RN, FCAHS, FAAN

Professor, Faculty of Nursing


Professor, Faculty of Nursing
(780) 492-3451
5-183 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy
11405 - 87 Ave NW
Edmonton AB
T6G 1C9




  • Postdoctoral fellowship, Institute of Clinical Evaluative Sciences & University of Toronto (2000)
  • PhD, Nursing, University of Alberta (1997)
  • MN, University of Alberta (1987)
  • BN, University of New Brunswick (1977)

Carole A. Estabrooks has been a member of the faculty and principal investigator of the Knowledge Utilization Studies Program since 1997. She holds a Tier I Canada Research Chair (CRC) in Knowledge Translation. She is cross appointed in the School of Public Health, University of Alberta. Dr Estabrooks supervises undergraduate and graduate students and postdoctoral fellows and teaches in the areas of knowledge translation and research design. Her research focuses on basic and applied aspects of inquiry in the knowledge translation and knowledge utilization fields. She has been the recipient of several awards and achievements among them, the J. Gordin Kaplan Award for Excellence in Research, University of Alberta, (2018), the International Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame (2018), the Order of Canada (2016), the Betty Havens Prize for Knowledge Translation in Aging (2014), the CAFA Distinguished Academic Award (2010), the Alumni Award of Distinction, University of New Brunswick (2007), the Alumni Horizon Award (2002), and career scientist awards from CIHR/MRC (Health Scholar, 2000-2005) and AHFMR (Population Health Investigator, 2000-2003). In 2007 Dr Estabrooks was elected to Fellowship in the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences (FCAHS). In 2011 she was inducted as a Fellow into the American Academy of Nurses (FAAN). She is a past member and Vice-Chair of the CIHR Institute of Aging.


Dr Estabrooks' research focuses on knowledge translation – knowledge translation interventions, the role of organizational context in facilitating knowledge translation, the effect of knowledge translation on resident/patient and provider outcomes. She also focuses increasingly on improvement methods and the sustainability, spread and scale-up of innovations (such as effective KT or QI interventions). She conducts her studies in a number of settings including acute care, home care and pediatrics but the majority of her research is conducted in residential long term care settings. She has developed the Alberta Context Tool© (ACT), currently being used in eight countries and six languages with active translation projects ongoing. The ACT measures modifiable elements of organizational context.

Active Projects: Principal Investigator

  • TREC: Translating Research in Elder Care. (CIHR & Partner Funds, 2014-2020). Estabrooks CA (PI), (Co-Is): Baumbusch J, Berta W, Cranley L, Cummings GG, Dearing J, Doupe M, Ginsburg L, Hayduk L, Keefe J, McGregor M, Norton P, Profetto-McGrath J, Reid C, Senthilselvan A, Smith M, Squires J, Teare G, Thompson G, Wagg A, (KUs): Anderson C, Bloemink K, Cook H, Davidson H, Forbes H, Harriman C, Knight C, Lamont L, Mansell L, Regier C, Risling E, Schalm C, Taylor D, Trinidad G. ($9.4M).
  • The Influence of Context on Implementation and Improvement (ICII). (CIHR 2019-2023). Estabrooks CA (NPI), (CO-Is): Anderson R, Beeber A, Berta W, Chamberlain S, Cummings G, Easterbrook A, Hayduk L, Hoben M, Lanham H, Lo TKT, Norton PG, Song Y, (KUs): Anderson C, Connell K, Cook H, Forbes H, Schalm C, Sheppard I, Silvius J, Stevens S, Trinidad G, (Collabs): Elliott-Lopez V, Visockas AM. ($2,096,101)
  • Longitudinal monitoring for quality of care at the end of life in nursing homes. (CIHR 2019-2020). Gruneir A (NPI), (Co-PIs): Estabrooks CA, Hoben M, (PKU): Silvius J, (Co-Is): Berta W, Bronskill S, Chamberlain SA, Cummings GG, Doupe M, Easterbrook A, Lo TKT, Poss J, (KUs): Anderson C, Forbes H, Sheppard I, Trinidad G, (Collabs): Gish J, Good A, Kemp K, McBain K, Murphy R, Visockas A-M, Kieloch B, Marshall S. ($512,551)
  • Sustainment, Sustainability, and Spread Study (SSaSSY). (CIHR, 2018-2021). Berta W (NPI), Estabrooks CA (Co-PI), Wagg SA (Co-PI) (Co-Is): Chamberlain SA, Clement F, Cranley L, Dopue M, Easterbrook A, Ginsburg L, Hoben M, Keefe J, Norton PG, Rappon T, Reid C, Song Y, Squires J, Anderson R, Poss J. ($967,724)
  • Safer Care for Older People in (residential) Environments (SCOPE). (CIHR, 2016-2019). Wagg AS (PI), Estabrooks CA (Co-PI), (Co-Is): Andersen E, Anderson M, Anderson R, Baunbusch J, Berta WB, Clement F, Cranley L, Cummings G, Dearing J, Doupe M, Ginsburg L, Holroyd-Leduc J, Keefe J, Knopp-Sihota J, Lanham H, McGregor M, Norton P, Profetto-McGrath J, Reid C, Senthilselvan S, Smith M, Squires J, Collaborators: Anderson C, Collins M, Dewar L, Dacombe Dewar L, Forbes H, Kozak-Campbell C, Lamont L, McKenzie I, Mansell L, McLeod D, Regier C, Risling E, Taylor D, Thompson G, Trinidad G, Schultz M. ($913,577).
  • Improving Nursing Home Care through Feedback On PerfoRMance Data (INFORM). (CIHR, 2015-2018). Estabrooks CA (PI), (Co-PI) Wagg A, (Co-Is): Andersen E, Anderson R, Baumbusch J, Berta W, Doupe M, Keefe J, Cranley L, Cummings G, Dearing J, Ginsburg L, Hoben M, McGregor M, Norton PG, Lanham H, Profetto-McGrath J, Reid C, Senthilselvan A, Smith M, Squires J, Teare G, Thompson G, (KUs): Anderson C, Anderson M, Bloemink K, Cook H, Collins M, Dacombe Dewar L, Davidson H, Klaasen K, Lamont L, Mansell L, McBain K, Regier C, Risling E, Schalm C, Taylor D, Trinidad G, (Collabs): Nicklin W, Schulz M. ($756,827)
  • Seniors: Adding Life to Years (SALTY). (CIHR Team Grant, Late Life Issues, 2015-2020). Keefe J (PI), Estabrooks CA (Co-PI), Andrew M, Armstrong H, Armstrong P, Aubrecht K, Berta W, Bourgeault I, Braedley S, Burger F, Cloutier-Fisher D, Daly T, Gruneir A, Hoben M, Marshall E, McGregor M, Norton P, Poss J, Stajduhar K, Cook H, English P, Grabusic C, Hillmer M, Schalm C, Silvius J, Stevens S, Taylor D, Teare G, MacDonald L, Fifield H, Findlay E, Forbes F, Janz T, Kjorven M, lePair Y, Lynam C, Mann J, Nicol J, Norman K, Waugh J. (CIHR $1,397,931, Partner Funding $637,500)
  • Building citizen engagement in the Translating Research in Elder Care (TREC) program. (CIHR-SPOR, 2018-2019). Gruneir A (NPI), Estabrooks CA (Co-PI), Anderson C (PKU), Mann J, (KU), (Co-Is): Chamberlain SA, Fehr P, Keefe J, Young L, (Collaborators): Bishop R, Bond G, Chipeniuk K, Doupe M, Fifield H, Ginsburg L, Hoben M, Holroyd-Leduc J, Kieloch B, Murphy R, Phillips L, Reid C, Schrader A, Wagg AS. ($106,000)
  • Meeting of organizational context research team. (CIHR, 2019-2020).  Estabrooks CA (NPI). ($20,000)

Active Projects: Co-Investigator

  • Improving pain assessment in nursing home residents with dementias. (CIHR, 2018-2021). Knopp-Sihota J (NPI), Doupe M, Estabrooks CA, Hoben M, Kaasalainen S, Parker D, Poss J, Thompson G, (Collaborators): Mann J, VanWicklin C. ($577,574)
  • Effective Knowledge Translation Strategies for Enhancing Impact and Improving Outcomes in Infant Pain. (CIHR, 2016-2023). Stevens B (PI), Program Experts: Barwock M, Campbell-Yeo M, Chambers C, Estabrooks CA, Gibbins S, Harrison D, Isaranuwatchai W, Le May S, Noel M, Slotta J, Stinson J, Synnes A, Willan A, Yamada J. ($3,823,346).
  • Inappropriateness of health care in Canada. (CIHR, 2018-2020). Squires J (NPI), Grinspun D (Co-PI), Bornstein S, Brien S, Dobrow M, Estabrooks CA, Graham I, Greenough M, Grimshaw J, Hillmer M, Horsley T, Katz A, Krause C, Lavis J, Levinson W, Levy A, Légaré F, Majumdar S, Mancuso M, Morgan S, Nadalin Penno L, Neuner A, Teare G, Tepper J, Vandyk A, Widmeyer D, Wilson M; (Collaborators): Bell R, Maybee A, Rader T, Roberts J. ($275,400)
  • Improving assessment of pain in nursing home residents with moderate to severe Alzheimer’s Disease and related dementias. (Alzheimer Society of Canada, 2015-2018). Knopp-Sihota JA (PI), (Co-Is): Estabrooks CA, Squires JE, Hoben M, Poss J. ($120,000)
  • Evaluating the economic impact and quality of care of the Smart-e-Pants innovation for pressure ulcer prevention. (CIHR, 2014-2018). Mushahwar VK (NPI), (Co-PIs): Dukelow S, McCabe C, Zygun D, (Co-Is): Chan M, Estabrooks CA, Ferguson-Pell M, Ho C, Holroyd-Leduc J, Norris C, Sharma A, Stein R, Tredget E, Tsukuki R. ($750,000)
  • Evaluating aging in place initiatives: A pan-Canadian meeting to develop research priorities and a research grant. (CIHR, 2019-2020). Hoben M (NPI), Estabrooks CA (Co-PI). ($20,000)


Dr Estabrooks teaches in the areas of knowledge translation, policy analysis, research design and methods, and organizational and health care outcomes. She typically mentors graduate students whose interests are in how organizations influence resident (patient) outcomes, provider outcomes, the use of best practices, and/or whose interests lie in the use of improvement science and methods to positively influence these outcomes. In addition to graduate students she supervises postdoctoral fellows and honors undergraduate students. Several CIHR, TVN and AIHS funded post doctoral fellows currently work with her. Dr Estabrooks currently teaches NURS 683 (Advanced Design) and has developed and taught INT D 690 (Topics in Knowledge Utilization) many times. She has also taught NURS 503 (Research Methods), NURS 600 (Theory Development) and NURS 699 (Dissertation Seminar).

Current Trainees

Postdoctoral Fellows

  • Yuting Song, PhD (Duke University)

Doctoral Students

  • Trina Thorne

Masters Students

  • Helen Doan, BScN (University of Alberta)
  • Jakob Koziel

Honours Undergraduate Students

  • Brittany DeGraves (University of Alberta)

      For a complete list of trainees visit the KUSP Website.


      Dr Estabrooks is currently accepting PhD students and postdoctoral fellows. Her research program offers significant opportunity to work with and publish from an extensive and rich longitudinal database - for theses, PDF projects and publications from TREC "work packages" that trainees join or develop.


      Association of Work Environment With Missed and Rushed Care Tasks Among Care Aides in Nursing Homes
      Author(s): Song Y, Hoben M, Norton PG, Estabrooks CA
      Publication Date: 1/29/2020
      Publication: JAMA Network Open
      Volume: 3
      Issue: 1
      Page Numbers: e1920092
      External Link:
      Who is (still) looking after mom and dad? Few improvements in care aides’ quality-of-work life
      Author(s): Chamberlain SA, Hoben M, Squires JE, Cummings GG, Norton PG, Estabrooks CA
      Publication Date: 3/1/2019
      Publication: Canadian Journal on Aging
      Volume: 38
      Issue: 1
      Page Numbers: 35-50
      External Link:
      The Canadian Dementia Challenge: Ensuring optimal care and services for those at risk or with dementia throughout the country
      Author(s): Feldman HH, Estabrooks CA
      Publication Date: 4/20/2017
      Publication: Canadian Journal of Public Health
      Volume: 108
      Issue: 1
      Page Numbers: e95-e97
      External Link:
      Pathways for best practice diffusion: The structure of informal relationships in Canada’s long-term care sector
      Author(s): Dearing JW, Beacom AM, Chamberlain SA, Meng J, Berta WB, Keefe JM, Squires JE, Doupe MB, Taylor D, Reid RC, Cook H, Cummings GG, Baumbusch JL, Knopp-Sihota J, Norton PG, Estabrooks CA
      Publication Date: 2/3/2017
      Publication: Implementation Science
      Volume: 12
      Issue: 11
      External Link:
      Dying in a nursing home: Treatable symptom burden and its link to modifiable features of work context
      Author(s): Estabrooks CA, Hoben M, Poss JW, Chamberlain SA, Thompson GN, Silvius JL, Norton PG
      Publication Date: 2015
      Publication: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
      Volume: 16
      Issue: 6
      Page Numbers: 515-520
      External Link: