Christopher Sturdy, BA (Hons) University of Windsor, MA, PhD (Queen's University), Canada Research Chair in Animal Cognition, Communication, and Neuroethology, Tier 1 (2020-2027).

Professor, Faculty of Science - Psychology Science

Pronouns: he/him/his


Professor, Faculty of Science - Psychology Science
(780) 492-7843
P-441 Bio Science - Psychology Wing
11355 - Saskatchewan Drive
Edmonton AB
T6G 2E9

By appointment.


Area of Study / Keywords

Comparative Cognition Neuroethology Communication Songbirds


Christopher Sturdy (Voice recording) completed a B.A. in Psychology at the University of Windsor in 1994 where he studied spatial memory in rats with Jerry Cohen. He then completed an M.A. in 1997 and a Ph.D. in 2000 in Psychology at Queen's University where he examined songbird bioacoustics, cognition and neuroscience with Ron Weisman. From 2000 to 2001, Sturdy worked at the Duke University Medical Center with Rich Mooney (Department of Neurobiology) and Duke University with Steve Nowicki (Department of Biology) where he examined the cellular basis of song production. In 2002 he was appointed Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Alberta, promoted to Associate Professor of Psychology in 2008, and promoted to Professor in 2013. Sturdy served as Chair of the Department of Psychology from 2016-2019. Sturdy is currently Professor of Psychology, a member of the Neuroscience and Mental Health Institute, and Canada Research Chair in Animal Cognition, Communication, and Neuroethology, Tier 1 (2020-2027).

Sturdy studies songbird communication and cognition in an integrative fashion, combining several approaches to understand the biological and cognitive bases of underlying songbird acoustic communication (See research description, below, or on the Songbird Neuroethology Laboratory website). Sturdy uses several empirical approaches, from bioacoustic analyses of vocalizations, operant discrimination paradigms and field playback experiments to electrophysiological and neuroanatomical techniques as well as artificial neural network approaches, with the long-term goal of understanding the behavioural, cognitive and neural substrates underlying songbird vocal production and perception, auditory perception and cognition.

Sturdy was co-editor of Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews for 6 years. CCBR is published by the Comparative Cognition Society and is an open-access, peer-reviewed journal that publishes reviews and critiques in the area of animal cognition spanning all aspects of research on cognition, perception, learning, memory, and behavior in animals.


Research in the Songbird Neuroethology Laboratory

Research in the SNL seeks to develop as comprehensive understanding of songbird communication by studying behaviour and the neural systems controlling behaviour. Songbirds, along with humans, are one of only six animal groups (including bats, parrots, hummingbirds, and cetaceous whales and dolphins) that are known to exhibit vocal learning. Furthermore, songbirds possess a highly-evolved network of interconnected brain regions controlling vocal learning, vocal perception and vocal production. As such, songbirds allow researchers a unique opportunity to directly study vocal communication at the interface between brain and behaviour. The SNL studies the cognitive, neurobiological and behavioural substrates underlying songbirds' highly evolved and specialized suite of communication behaviours. Current research focuses on vocal communication in one particular group of songbirds, the chickadees (e.g., Black-capped, Boreal, Carolina, Chestnut-backed, and Mountain chickadees).

Research in the SNL is currently aimed at understanding the cognitive, perceptual, evolutionary, developmental, and neural bases underlying chickadees’ perception of the acoustic (vocal) categories (i.e., note-types, call types) contained in their calls and songs, as a first step towards a comprehensive understanding songbird acoustic communication. The perception of categories is a powerful phenomenon that has been demonstrated in many animal species, including humans and songbirds. By sorting large numbers of environmental stimuli, such as songbird vocalizations, into categories rather than memorizing each new instance, animals can adapt quickly to newly encountered stimuli. For example, black-capped chickadee flocks rapidly increase their vigilance behaviours after hearing another flock’s communication call (the ‘chick-a-dee’ call for which chickadees are named), without having to learn about the particular novel call or the individual that emitted it. Rather, chickadees rapidly sort the call into a category representing “foreign flock” and modify their ongoing behaviour accordingly. In order to begin to understand vocal category perception in chickadees, researchers in the SNL use a variety of experimental techniques including bioacoustic analyses and operant conditioning experiments and anatomy to determine how several species of chickadees perceive the categories in their vocalizations.


Current Courses

PSYCH 299: Research Opportunity Program

PSYCH 396/398 496/498 (SCIENCE / ARTS): Individual Studies

Honours Thesis Research (2 year program)

PSYCH 403/505: Neuroethology

Past Courses

PSYCO 381: Principles of Learning

PSYCO 403: Ancestral Health

PSYCO 403/505: Animal Communication

PSYCO 502: Professional and Ethical Issues


The SNL is always seeking highly motivated undergraduate studentsgraduate students, and postdoctoral fellows who are interested in comparative cognition and behaviour, animal communication, auditory perception, and neuroethology, to conduct research projects.

At the undergraduate level there are several opportunities. The first involves being a volunteer. This will require you to work about 3 days a week and to work with animals. You will receive animal ethics training and specific hands on training to conduct this work. There are also several research courses you can take, including PSYCO 299, 396, 398, 496, 498, and Honours. PSYCO 299 students either conduct reading projects or assist other more advanced students with ongoing projects, will receive animal ethics training and specific hands on training to conduct this work, and will work about 3 days a week. PSYCO 396/496 and PSYCO 398/498 students conduct research for two terms, will receive animal ethics training and specific hands on training to conduct this work, and will work about 4 days a week. Honours students work in the lab for two years. During the first year, they receive ethics and hands on training and develop their thesis proposal. During the second year, Honours students conduct and present their Honours research. Honours students can expect to work up to 5 or more days per week in the lab, including some weekend days. If you are interested in working in the lab as an undergraduate, please contact Chris Sturdy directly via e-mail and include a paragraph explaining why you are interested in working in the lab, your unofficial transcript, and which aspect of the lab you find most interesting, citing the lab publication that interests you. Please used the subject line "Undergraduate research" in your email and label your transcript "Lastname_Firstinitial_Transcript" (e.g., Sturdy_C_Transcript).

Graduate students may apply to the M.Sc. or Ph.D. program in either the Department of Psychology's graduate program or the Neuroscience and Mental Health Institute graduate programIf interested, please contact Chris Sturdy directly via e-mail with a cover letter explaining why you are interested in working in the lab and a description of your research interests, your CV, and all of your unofficial transcripts. Please used the subject line "Graduate research" in your email and label your documents as follows "Lastname_Firstinitial_Cover" (e.g., Sturdy_C_Cover).

​Graduate Student Opportunities, Songbird Neuroethology Laboratory, Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Fall 2023

I have an opening in my laboratory for one or possibly two excellent graduate students beginning in September 2023 for students interested in pursuing graduate studies in comparative cognition and behaviour, including the neurobiological and developmental correlates of perception and cognition. The official application deadline is 1 December 2022 to be considered for admission beginning in September 2023, however, applications will be reviewed as soon as they are complete. Please refer to our departmental web pages for information about our department and our graduate program, and to my own and our laboratory web pages for information about current research in my laboratory.


I work hard to ensure that my graduate students have all the necessary resources at their disposal to complete their research and enhance their graduate training experience. My laboratory has recently undergone a complete update to my operant conditioning setup, and continues to maintain excellent facilities for investigating all aspects of brain, behaviour, and cognition in songbirds and humans. Moreover, my graduate students routinely attend local, national, and international conferences to disseminate their research findings as well as to network and establish contacts with like-minded scientists from other institutions. Importantly, my students and I publish their research in top journals, with many of my graduate students finishing with several publications from their time in my laboratory and move onto successful careers after finishing their time in my laboratory. See "SNL Alumni" section of "Lab Members Page".

Interested potential postdoctoral fellows can contact Chris Sturdy directly via e-mail with a cover letter explaining why you are interested in working in the lab and a description of your research interests and a copy of your CV. ​Please used the subject line "Postdoctoral research" in your email and label your documents as follows "Lastname_Firstinitial_Cover"  (e.g., Sturdy_C_Cover).

Underrepresented groups, including women, people with disabilities, Indigenous peoples, people of colour, and LGBTQIA2S+ individuals are encouraged to apply. Please read our SNL Code of Conduct and EDI pages.

New Position: Postdoctoral Researcher in the SNL! Details here!


PSYCH 403 - Recent Advances in Experimental Psychology: Models and Theories

Discussion of advanced concepts and theories developed by selected fields within experimental psychology. The course will examine the relation between theory and data in these fields. Prerequisites: STAT 141 or 151 or 161 or SCI 151 and a 300-level PSYCH course. Students must check with the Department for the topics for the year and any additional prerequisites. [Faculty of Science]

PSYCH 505 - Conference Course in Psychology

[Faculty of Science]

Browse more courses taught by Christopher Sturdy


Discrimination of high- and low-threat vocalizations: An examination of referential communication in black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) mobbing calls.

Author(s): Congdon, J.V., Hahn, A.H., Campbell, K.A., Scully, E.N., Mischler, S.K., Montenegro, C., Service, W.D., & Sturdy, C.B.
Publication Date: 8/1/2022
Publication: Animal Behavior and Cognition

Pitch chroma information is processed in addition to pitch height information with more than two pitch range categories.

Author(s): Wagner, B., Sturdy, C.B., Weisman, R.G., Hoeschele, M.
Publication Date: 6/1/2022
Publication: Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics

Comparing methodologies for classification of zebra finch distance calls.

Author(s): Sahu, P.K., Campbell, K.A., Oprea, A., Phillmore, L.S. & Sturdy, C.B.
Publication Date: 5/1/2022
Publication: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

Among-individual differences in auditory and physical cognitive abilities in zebra finches.

Author(s): 4. Lambert, C.T., Sahu, P.K., Sturdy, C.B., & Guillette, L.M.
Publication Date: 5/1/2022

Differential immediate early gene activity revealed by playback of male and female incomplete chick-a-dee calls.

Author(s): Scully, E.N., Montenegro, C., & Sturdy, C.B.
Publication Date: 6/11/2020
Publication: To appear in Behavioral Brain Research.

Black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus) can identify individual females by their fee-bee songs.

Author(s): Montenegro, C., Service, W.D., Scully, E.N., Mischler, S.K., Campbell, K.A., & Sturdy, C.B.
Publication Date: 5/16/2020
Publication: The Auk
Volume: Montenegro, C., Service, W.D., Scully, E.N., Mischler, S.K., Campbell, K.A., & Sturdy, C.B. (2020). Black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus) can identify individual females by their fee-bee songs. The Auk, 137, 1-10. DOI: (Invited blog post:
External Link:

Perception of sex differences in black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) chick-a-dee calls.

Author(s): Campbell, K.A., Hahn, A.H., Congdon, J.V., Scully, E.N., & Sturdy, C.B.
Publication Date: 4/15/2020
Publication: To appear in Animal Behavior and Cognition.

Acoustic discrimination of predators by black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus).

Author(s): Congdon, J.V., Hahn, A.H., Campbell, K.A., Scully, E.N., Yip, D.A., Bayne, E.M., & Sturdy, C.B.
Publication Date: 2/15/2020
Publication: Animal Cognition
Volume: 23
Page Numbers: 595–611.
External Link: