Glynnis Hood, PhD, MSc, Dip. Tech, BA, CWB

Professor, Augustana - Sciences

Contact

Professor, Augustana - Sciences
Email
ghood@ualberta.ca
Phone
(780) 679-1556
Address
2-300 AG10 Faith & Life Centre
4901-46 Ave
Camrose AB
T4V 2R3

Overview

About

PhD, Environmental Biology and Ecology, University of Alberta; MSc, Natural Resources Management, University of Northern B.C.; Dip. Tech., Fish, Widlife and Recreation, British Columbia Institute of Technology; BA, Linguistics, University of Victoria


Research

Research

Freshwater Ecology, Wildlife Ecology and Management

My current research focuses on wetland ecology as it relates to wildlife habitat and management. Semi-aquatic mammals are of specific interest. Along with investigations into water quality and quantity, I study how the presence of beavers affects pond morphometry and biodiversity. Other research interests include how human-wildlife interactions affect access to critical habitats by wildlife and how those impacts can be mitigated using adaptive management approaches. My research approach is largely empirical, based on field studies, which are then analyzed using statistics and GIS. Much of my work has been conducted in protected areas and adjacent private and public lands.


Teaching

My main teaching interests include: freshwater ecology and management, wildlife ecology and management, environmental impact assessment, geographic information systems, and statistics for the natural sciences. Linking theory and practice is an important part of my approach to teaching, which often has my students finding themselves applying classroom material to field-based activities.

Courses

AUENV 324 - Resource and Environmental Management

Integration of both physical and human phenomena in understanding natural resources, their dimensions and boundaries. Basic concepts in resource analysis and management: the decision-making process, management frameworks and strategies, legislation and regulation, impact assessment, the role of perceptions, attitudes and behaviour, and the impact of public participation/interest groups in the development of natural resources. Prerequisite: One of AUBIO 253, AUENV 120, AUGEO 120, 230, 231, consent of the instructor. Note: Credit may be obtained for only one of AUENV 324 and AUGEO 324. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar.

Fall Term 2020
AUENV 425 - Environmental Impact Assessment

History and theory of environmental impact assessment; legislative and policy frameworks; role in resource planning; methods and techniques for the assessment of impacts; future directions. Prerequisites: One of AUENV 324, AUGEO 324, and AUBIO 253. Note: Credit may be obtained for only one of AUENV 425, AUGEO 425. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar.

Fall Term 2020
AUSTA 215 - Statistical Methods for the Natural Sciences

Experimental design, data presentation and analysis; descriptive statistics, probability distributions and statistical hypothesis testing; parametric and nonparametric tests, correlation and regression; use of statistical software. Prerequisites: Mathematics 30-1 or 30-2; one of AUBIO 111, 112, AUCHE 110, AUCSC 111, AUENV 120, AUGEO 120, AUMAT 110, 116, 120, AUPHY 102, 104, 110. Notes: The course does not count toward the major in Mathematics and Physics or the minor in Mathematics. Credit may be obtained for only one of AUSTA 213, 215, AUPSY 213.

Fall Term 2020 Winter Term 2021

Browse more courses taught by Glynnis Hood

Scholarly Activities

Research - Beavers as bio-monitors of trace element contamination in northern Alberta

Started: 2017 to present

Increasing industrial expansion into natural landscapes raises concerns regarding traditional foods of Canada’s indigenous peoples. Along with our MSc candidate, Melissa Dergousoff, Dr. William Shotyk and I are identifying the degree to which commonly hunted animals by Alberta's indigenous peoples, beavers in particular, are exposed to metals from anthropogenic sources (e.g., Ag, Be, Cd, Pb, Sb, Tl). We are using inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-QMS) and (ICP) sector field mass spectrometry (ICP-SFMS) to conduct comparative analyses of trace elements in livers and kidneys previously harvested by local trappers at industrial and natural sites in central and northern Alberta. All analyses are conducted in the metal-free, ultraclean SWAMP lab facility. Along with understanding the degree to which traditional foods might be affected by industrial byproducts, these analyses will allow us to refine methods for handling, preparation, and digestion of the tissues which yield excellent blank values and maximized sensitivity. Additionally, this research will allow us to assess ecological health of aquatic habitats that support important semi-aquatic species. This research was funded in part by an Alberta Conservation Association Biodiversity Grant.

Shotyk, W., Bicalho, B., Dergousoff, M., Grant-Weaver, I., Hood, G., Lund, K., and T. Noernberg. 2019. A geochemical perspective on the natural abundance trace elements in beaver (Castor canadensis) from a rural region of southern Ontario, Canada. Science of the Total Environment. 672: 40–50. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.303


Research - Beavers as drivers of ecological dynamics

2020 - 2025

This research examines how the interplay between environmental variables (e.g. soils, vegetation, hydrology, climate) and beaver ecology (e.g. population dynamics, habitat alterations) affects persistence of beaver dams and tipping points where dams fail. While beaver activities increase biodiversity and productivity, dams do break, leading to catastrophic flooding. In response, we are quantifying key variables in beaver-modified landscapes to predict persistence of dams in associated aquatic systems. In addition, spatial and temporal variables will be identified that can inform risk management for beaver release. Moreover, we are assessing the influence of active maintenance of dams, population dynamics, and related environmental variables on the probability of dam persistence. These data will aid development of flood-risk models for agricultural lands adjacent to wildland areas and how they are potentially affected by failure of beaver dams. Research outputs will aid resource managers in balancing biodiversity and flood risk. This research is funded by a NSERC Discovery Grant.


Research - Ecosystem Engineering and Landscape Connectivity

Started: 2008 to present

Through the use of bathymetric mapping and GIS modelling, my research team and I have been investigating the role of ecosystem engineering by beavers in increasing ecological connectivity between what are otherwise isolated morainal wetlands. This research has quantified both biotic (i.e., aquatic macroinvertebrate, amphibian) and abiotic (e.g., soil displacement, water storage, resilience from drought) responses to beaver modifications to pond boundaries (i.e., digging channels) and the basin itself. Building on this research, we are currently investigating which factors influence distribution and habitat selection of semi-aquatic mammals (i.e., beaver, muskrat, river otter, and mink) within Alberta’s southern mixed-wood boreal forest. In particular, we are quantifying spatial diversity of semi-aquatic mammals in the Beaver Hills Biosphere, and determining the relationship between species occurrence and habitat composition, including aquatic connectivity, to test for interspecific associations. This research involves field surveys, camera traps, and water sampling for environmental DNA (eDNA). This current research is partially funded by an Alberta Conservation Association research grant.

Past research is published in: Canadian Journal of Zoology (2020) 98:210–218; Freshwater Biology (2015) 60:198–208; Animal Conservation (2015) 18(3):287–294; Wetlands (2014) 34:19–29; and Herpetological Review (2014) 45(1):18–20.

Publications

Semi-aquatic Mammals: Ecology and Biology
Author(s): Hood, G.A. (M. Brierely, Illustrator)
Publication Date: 10/13/2020
Publication: Johns Hopkins University Press
Page Numbers: 512 pages
External Link: https://jhupbooks.press.jhu.edu/title/semi-aquatic-mammals
Not all ponds are created equal: long-term beaver (Castor canadensis) lodge occupancy in a heterogeneous landscape
Author(s): Hood, G.A.
Publication Date: 2020
Publication: Canadian Journal of Zoology
Volume: 98
Page Numbers: 210-218
External Link: dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjz-2019-0066
A geochemical perspective on the natural abundance of trace elements in beaver (Castor canadensis) from a rural region of southern Ontario, Canada
Author(s): Shotyk, W., Bicalho, B., Dergousoff, M., Grant-Weaver, I., Hood, G., Lund, K., Noernberg, T.
Publication Date: 2019
Publication: Science of the Total Environment
Volume: 672
Page Numbers: 40 - 50
External Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.303
Protected areas alone rarely predict mammalian biodiversity across spatial scales in an Albertan working landscape
Author(s): Stewart F.E. C, Volpe J.P.,Eaton B.R., Hood, G.A., Vujnovic, D., Fisher, J.T.
Publication Date: 2019
Publication: Biological Conservation
Volume: 240
Page Numbers: 108253
External Link: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320719308584
A question of inclusion: BC Hydro’s Site C Dam Indigenous consultation process
Author(s): Dubrule T., Patriquin D.L., Hood G.A.
Publication Date: 2018
Publication: Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management
External Link: DOI: 10.1142/S1464333218500059
Mitigating infrastructure loss from beaver flooding: A cost-benefit analysis
Author(s): Hood G.A., Manaloor V., Dzioba B.
Publication Date: 2018
Publication: Human Dimensions of Wildlife
Volume: 23
Issue: 2
Page Numbers: 74-116
External Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2017.1402223
Natural goods and services in a mixed-use landscape
Author(s): Hood, G.A., Hvenegaard, G.T., McIntosh, A.
Publication Date: 2018
Page Numbers: 140
External Link: http://www.beaver.ab.ca/departments/agricultural-services/beaver-management-project
Ecological sustainability in rural landscapes
Author(s): Hood G.A., Hvenegaard G.T., McIntosh A.
Publication Date: 2017
Page Numbers: 130
External Link: http://www.beaver.ab.ca/public/download/documents/42461
An analysis of the history of aboriginal peoples in the Beaver Hills, Alberta, Canada
Author(s): Matters S.D., Hood G.A.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Canadian Journal of Native Studies
Volume: 36
Issue: 2
Page Numbers: 149-166
External Link: https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1P4-1938073974/an-analysis-of-the-history-of-aboriginal-peoples-in
Ecological engineering and aquatic connectivity: a new perspective from beaver-modified wetlands
Author(s): Hood G.A., Larson D.G.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Freshwater Biology
Volume: 60
Page Numbers: 198-208
External Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12487
Linking aquatic and terrestrial environments: Can beaver canals serve as movement corridors for pond-breeding amphibians?
Author(s): Anderson N.L., Paszkowski C.A., Hood G.A.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Animal Conservation
Volume: 18
Issue: 3
Page Numbers: 287-294
External Link: https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12170
Post-release survival of beavers exposed to bitumen
Author(s): Hood G.A.
Publication Date: 2015

Beaver-created habitat heterogeneity influences aquatic invertebrate assemblages in boreal Canada
Author(s): Hood G.A, Larson D.G.
Publication Date: 2014
Publication: Wetlands
Volume: 34
Page Numbers: 19-29
External Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13157-013-0476-z
Beaver (Castor canadensis) facilitate early access by Canada geese (Branta canadensis) to nesting habitat and open water in Canada’s boreal wetlands
Author(s): Bromley C.K., Hood G .A.
Publication Date: 2013
Publication: Mammalian Biology
Volume: 78
Page Numbers: 73-77
External Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2012.02.009
Effects of agriculture and beaver on winter biodiversity of mammals
Author(s): Nelner T.B., Hood G.A.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Wildlife Biology
Volume: 17
Page Numbers: 326-336
External Link: https://doi.org/10.2981/09-097
The Beaver Manifesto
Author(s): Hood G.A.
Publication Date: 2011
External Link: http://www.rmbooks.com/book_details.php?isbn_upc=9781926855585
A comparison of riparian plant community response to herbivory by beaver (Castor canadensis) and ungulates in Canada’s boreal mixed-wood forest
Author(s): Hood G.A., Bayley S.E.
Publication Date: 2009
Publication: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 258
Issue: 2009
Page Numbers: 1979-1989
External Link: DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.07.052
A review of existing models and potential effects of water withdrawals on semi-aquatic mammals in the lower Athabasca River
Author(s): Hood G.A., Bromley C.K, Tiitmamer Kur N.
Publication Date: 2009
External Link: http://library.cemaonline.ca/ckan/dataset/2009-0017/resource/2707d011-9f32-4299-a929-e20d51ea8a38
Beaver (Castor canadensis) mitigate the effects of climate on the area of open water in boreal wetlands in western Canada
Author(s): Hood G.A., Bayley S.E.
Publication Date: 2008
Publication: Biological Conservation
Volume: 141
Page Numbers: 556-567
External Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2007.12.003
The effects of high ungulate densities on foraging choices by beaver (Castor canadensis) in the mixed-wood boreal forest
Author(s): Hood G.A., Bayley S.E.
Publication Date: 2008
Publication: Canadian Journal of Zoology
Volume: 86
Page Numbers: 484-496
External Link: https://doi.org/10.1139/Z08-029
Effects of prescribed fire on habitat of beaver (Castor canadensis) in Elk Island National Park, Canada
Author(s): Hood G.A., Bayley S.E., Olson W.
Publication Date: 2007
Publication: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 237
Page Numbers: 200-209
External Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.12.005
Fire and beaver in the boreal forest – grassland transition of western Canada (a case study from Elk Island National Park, Canada)
Author(s): Hood G.A., Bayley S.E.
Publication Date: 2004
Publication: Lutra
Volume: 66
Issue: 2
Page Numbers: 235-241

First record of mountain lions, Puma concolor, in Elk Island National Park, Alberta
Author(s): Hood G.A., Neufeld T.
Publication Date: 2004
Publication: Canadian Field Naturalist
Volume: 118
Issue: 4
Page Numbers: 605-607
External Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.22621/cfn.v118i4.65
Impact of human activities on grizzly bear habitat in Jasper National Park
Author(s): Hood G.A., Parker K.L.
Publication Date: 2001
Publication: Wildlife Society Bulletin
Volume: 29
Issue: 2
Page Numbers: 624-638
External Link: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3784189