Glen Hvenegaard, PhD

Professor, Augustana - Sciences

Pronouns: he, him, his


Professor, Augustana - Sciences
(780) 679-1574
3-08 Founders' Hall
4901-46 Ave
Camrose AB
T4V 2R3


Area of Study / Keywords

parks tourism wildlife sustainability environmental education biogeography bird conservation citizen science environmental interpretation


I have worked at the Augustana Campus since 1994. My previous degrees are from the University of Alberta (BSc Forestry, MSc Wildland Recreation) and the University of Victoria (PhD Geography). At my university and for professional organizations, I have served on the following:

• Manager, Augustana Miquelon Lake Research Station (2015-2019)

• Community Service-Learning Committee (2015-2019)

• Sustainability Committee (2012-2018)

• Chair, Camrose Wildlife and Stewardship Society (2009-)

• AB Parks Social Science Working Group (2013-)

• World Commission on Protected Areas, IUCN (1994-)

• Tourism and Protected Areas Specialty Group, WCPA (1996-)

• Science Committee, Beaver Hills Biosphere (2008-)


My research program focuses on the conservation aspects of ecotourism, biogeography, park interpretation, and rural sustainability. First, I try to understand the actual and potential roles of ecotourism in promoting conservation (eg. wildilfe festivals, conservation volunteers, bird watchers, whale watchers, park users, and Christmas Bird Counts). Second, I use biogeography principles to help conserve birds in rural landscapes (eg. Purple Martins, owls, shorebirds, forest songbirds). Third, I examine teaching and learning issues related to environmental education (eg. park interpretation effectiveness, undergraduate research, and field studies).

Selected peer-reviewed publications from 2019 onward

R - Hvenegaard, G., E. Halpenny, and J. Bueddefeld. Editors. 2021. Parks and Protected Areas: Mobilizing Knowledge for Effective Decision-Making. MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. 

R - Abraham, B.G., G.T. Hvenegaard, V. Manaloor, and H. Narumiya. 2021. Factors affecting the sustainability of ecotourism among tourism service providers in São Paulo, Brazil. South Asian Journal of Socio-Political Studies. Accepted and In Press.

R - Blye, C.J., G.T. Hvenegaard, and E.A. Halpenny. 2021. Personal interpretation starts with the interpreter: How do outcome priorities change over time among interpretive staff? Journal of Recreation and Park Administration. Online First.

R - Spenceley, A., A. Baez, J. Barborak, C.-J. Blye, K. Bricker, H. Cahyadi, K. Corrigan, E. Halpenny, G. Hvenegaard, D. King, Y.-F. Leung, A. Mandic, S. McCool, R. Naidoo, D. Newsome, D. Rüede, J. Sano, M. Sarhan, V. Santamaria, T. Beraldo Sousa, and A.-K. Zschiegner. 2021. Tourism in protected areas amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Parks 27(special issue): 103-118.

R - Lemieux, C. E. Halpenny, T. Swerdfager, M. He, A.J. Gould, D. Carruthers Den Hoed, J. Bueddefeld, G. Hvenegaard, B. Joubert, and R. Rollins. 2021. Free Fallin’? The decline of evidence-based conservation in Canada. FACETS 6: 640-664. Doi:10.1139/facets-2020-0085.

R - Anderson B.C., and G.T. Hvenegaard. 2021. Purple martin nest house selection in central Alberta, Canada. Wildlife Society Bulletin 45(1): 55-61.

R - Hallstrom, L.K. and G.T. Hvenegaard. 2021. Fostering evidence-informed decision-making for protected areas through the Alberta Parks Social Science Working Group. Land. 2021, 10, 224.

R - Cook, K., G.T. Hvenegaard, and E.A. Halpenny. 2021. Visitor perceptions of the outcomes of personal interpretation in Alberta’s provincial parks. Applied Environmental Education & Communication 29(1): 49-65. DOI:10.1080/1533015X.2019.1693309

R - Blye, C.J., E. Halpenny, G. Hvenegaard, and D. Patriquin. 2020. Knowledge mobilization in the Beaver Hills Biosphere, Alberta, Canada. Land 9(11), 424; - 31 Oct 2020.

R - Ostrem, J.A., and G. Hvenegaard. 2020. Reaching common ground: The potential for interagency collaboration in UNESCO biosphere reserves. International Journal of UNESCO Biosphere Reserves 4(1): 23-47.

R - Hallström, L.K., G. Hvenegaard, & Dipa, N.J. 2019. Citizen engagement in sustainability planning: Patterns and barriers from Hinton and Wood Buffalo, Alberta. Journal of Rural and Community Development 14(2): 42-65.

R - Hvenegaard, G.T. and R. Perkins. 2019. Motivations, commitment, and turnover of bluebird trail managers. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 24(3): 250-266.

R - Hallstrom, L.K., G. Hvenegaard, J. Gould, and B. Joubert. 2019. Prioritizing research questions for protected area agencies: A case study of provincial parks in Alberta, Canada. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 37(3): 110-122.

R - Hvenegaard, G.T., L.K. Hallstrom, and K.L.P. Brand. 2019. Implementation dynamics for sustainability planning in rural Canada. Journal of Rural and Community Development 14(1): 54-76.


I teach a variety of courses in environmental studies and geography, including:

• AUENV 120: Human Activities and the Natural Environment

• AUGEO 230: Geomorphology; including lab

• AUGEO 231: Climatology; including lab

• AUENV 252: Wildlife Diversity of Alberta

• AUENV 320/420: Parks and Wilderness

• AUENV 334: Field Studies in Environmental Science and Ecology

• AUENV 327: Environmental Education and Heritage Interpretation

• AUENV 421: Environmental Science: History and Impacts


AUENV 230 - Geomorphology

Analysis of (1) geomorphological processes and agents (such as movement of the earth's crust, volcanism, water, glaciers, waves, currents, wind, and gravity) that create and modify the earth's surface and (2) landforms. Note: Credit may be obtained for only one of AUGEO 230 (2021) and AUENV 230. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Tuition and Fees page in the University Regulations section of the Calendar.

AUENV 252 - Wildlife Diversity of Alberta

Ecology, conservation, and identification of Alberta's common wildlife species, with a focus on mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and invertebrates. A mandatory field trip will be included. Prerequisites: AUENV 120, AUGEO 120 (2021), AUBIO 112 (2021) or AUBIO 212.

AUENV 301 - Directed Studies

Supervised research project and intensive study of a specific area in environmental science as defined by the student and supervising instructor. Prerequisites: *6 in Environmental Studies. Notes: Admission to the course normally requires a minimum GPA of 3.0 in Environmental Studies/Science. An application for Individual Study must be completed and approved before registration in the course. AUENV 301 is classified as a science course.

AUENV 327 - Environmental Education and Heritage Interpretation

Theory and methods of communicating environmental and heritage subject matter to a broad audience. Includes discussion of the history, theory, planning, management, implementation, and evaluation of environmental programs. The course will address a variety of personal and non-personal techniques. Prerequisites: AUENV 120 or AUGEO 120 (2021).

AUENV 421 - Environmental Science: History and Impacts

Overview of the historical developments, past and current impacts, and changing roles of the field of environmental science. Prerequisites: One of AUBIO 350, AUENV 320, 324, 350, 420, AUGEO 320 (2021), 324 (2021), 420 (2021) and at least fourth-year standing. Note: Credit may be obtained for only one of AUENV 421 and AUGEO 421 (2021).

AUIDS 101 - First Year Seminar

Selected topics that highlight the interdisciplinary nature of the Liberal Arts and Sciences. This seminar-style class is the first course in Augustana's Core. The focus and content of each course are determined by faculty interests, and vary from year to year.

Browse more courses taught by Glen Hvenegaard

Scholarly Activities

Research - Environmental History of Frank Farley, an early naturalist and ornithologist in Alberta

Frank Farley (1870-1949), a prominent early settler in East Central Alberta was.a keen amateur ornithologist and participated actively in conversations with professional ornithologists such as federal scientist Percy Taverner and Professor William Rowan, the first chair of the Zoology Department at the University of Alberta. In addition to supporting a successful business career and commitments to the community of Camrose, Farley made significant contributions to ornithology, wildlife protection, environmental education, scientific articles, mentoring. Additionally, Farley served as the first warden at the Miquelon Lake Bird Sanctuary. Farley successfully bridged the domains of amateur and professional ornithology, contributed as a public intellectual to key environmental issues, and exemplified both ends of the mentoring relationship. 

Research - Purple Martin movement dynamics

Working with colleagues across North America, we are learning about migration patterns of Purple Martins to and from Brazil, their major wintering areas. Working with colleagues in Alberta, we are documenting natal and breeding dispersal. Working with landlords in Camrose, we are investigating nest box selection by martins and the effects of landlord stewardship activities.

Research - Sustainable tourism in protected areas

Protected areas are a key component of any global conservation strategy. Tourism provides a crucial and unique way of fostering visitors’ connection with protected area values, making it a potentially positive force for conservation. Protected area tourism’s economic benefits—which depend on beautiful natural areas, healthy wildlife and nature, and authentic cultures—can also be a powerful argument for conservation. Tourism in protected areas is a major part of the global tourism industry—an industry whose scale and impacts are enormous. Such a high volume of visitors implies certain needs for fundamental infrastructure and requirements for employment and human services, all of which have ramifications for the economy, society, culture and the environment.

Tourism and visitor management in protected areas

Research - Visitor outcomes of personal interpretation in Alberta's provincial parks

2017 to 2023

Interpretation is an important tool used by Alberta Parks to fulfill its mandate to "inspire people to discover, value, protect, and enjoy the natural world." The aim of this research project is to determine the short and long-term outcomes of interpretive programs, the factors influencing those outcomes, and the consistency of outcomes with staff perceptions of provincial goals, management plans, policies, and strategies.

Outcomes of Interpretation in Alberta's Provincial Parks

Research - Wildlife festivals: purposes, mechanisms, and results for conservation