Ben Jar, PhD, PEng

Professor, Faculty of Engineering - Mechanical Engineering Dept


Professor, Faculty of Engineering - Mechanical Engineering Dept
(780) 492-6503
10-287 Donadeo Innovation Centre For Engineering
9211-116 St
Edmonton AB
T6G 2H5


Area of Study / Keywords

Mechanics And Materials Experimental Mechanics Fracture Mechanics Composites And Polymers Design And Manufacturing Additive Manufacturing


My research is in the area of materials evaluation. I design test methods to assess effects of various parameters and processing conditions on material performance, especially when such information cannot be obtained from standard methods. The main objective of the testing is to identify criteria for deformation and failure, which are then implemented in computer models to evaluate their survivability in extreme environment.

I also build machines for the material testing. My team has designed and built devices for biaxial, impact and indentation loading to coupon specimens of polymers and fibre composites.

My current study is focused on deformation and fracture of polymers, fibre composites and rail steels. The research approach consists of experimental testing, computer simulation, and theoretical analysis, in order to explore the full range of material behaviour and to correlate the laboratory test results with the in-service performance.

Research in the following areas is available for graduate study. Please contact me for details.

  • Slow crack growth of polymeric materials
  • Toughness of rail steels
  • Design of a new test method to characterize environmental stress cracking resistance of polymers
  • Delamination of fibre composites in shear mode

Selected Publications:

* Y. Zhang and P.-Y. B. Jar, “Effects of Squeeze-off on Mechanical Properties of Polyethylene Pipes,” International Journal of Solids and Structures (IJSS) 135, 61-73 (2018).

* F. Yu, P.-Y. B. Jar, and M. Hendry, “Constitutive analysis of pressure-insensitive metals under axisymmetric tensile loading: a stress triaxiality-dependent plasticity damage model,” International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 142-143, 21-32 (2018).

* Y. Zhang and P.-Y. B. Jar, “Time-Strain Rate Superposition for Relaxation Behavior of Polyethylene Pressure Pipes,” Polymer Testing 50, 292-296 (2016).

* Y. Zhang and P.-Y. B. Jar, “Phenomenological Modelling of Tensile Fracture in PE Pipe by Considering Damage Evolution,” Materials and Design 77, 72-82 (2015).

* P.-Y. B. Jar and W. Cao “Application of a New Mechanistic Approach to Measurement of Plane-Stress Fracture Toughness of Low-Density Polyethylene,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics 96, 179-191 (2012).

* P.-Y.B. Jar, R. Adianto, and S. Muhammad, "A mechanistic approach for determining plane-stress fracture toughness of polyethylene," Engineering Fracture mechanics 77, 2881–2895 (2010).

* H. J. Kwon and P.-Y. B. Jar, “On the Application of FEM to Deformation of High-Density Polyethylene,” International J of Solids and Structures 45 (11),3521-3543 (2008).

* Chengye Fan, P.-Y. Ben Jar and J.-J. Roger Cheng, "Cohesive Zone with Continuum Damage Properties for Simulation of Delamination Development in Fibre Composites and Failure of Adhesive Joints," Engineering Fracture mechanics 75 (13), 3866-3880 (2008).

* H.J. Kwon and P.-Y. B. Jar, "Application of Essential Work of Fracture Concept to Toughness Characterization of High-Density Polyethylene," Polym. Eng. Sci. 47(9),1327-1337 (2007).

* C. Fan, P.-Y. B. Jar, J.J. R. Cheng, “Energy-based analysis of delamination development on fibre-reinforced polymers (FRP) under 3-point bending test,” Compos. Sci. Tech. 66, 2143-2155 (2006).

* H.J. Kwon and P.-Y. B. Jar, “Fracture Toughness of Polymers in Shear Mode,” Polymer 46 (26), 12480-12492 (2005).

* T. Kuboki, K. Takahashi, P.-Y. B. Jar and T. Shinmura, “Mechanical Deformation of High-Impact Polystyrene under Uni-Axial Tension at Various Strain Rates,” Macromolecules 35(9),3584-3591(2002).

* P. Compston, P.-Y. B. Jar, P. Burchill and K. Takahashi, “The effect of matrix toughness and loading rate on the mode II interlaminar fracture toughness of glass-fibre/vinylester composites,” Compos. Sci. Tech., 61, ER2, 321-333 (2001).

* P.-Y. B. Jar, M. Todo, K. Takahashi, K. Konishi and T. Shinmura, “Finite Element Analysis to Verify Craze Suppression for Matrix Shear Yielding in Rubber-Modified Glassy Polymers”, Plastics, Rubber and Composites (PRC) 30(3), 101-109 (2001).


MEC E 362 - Mechanics of Machines

Velocities and acceleration in plane mechanisms, balancing of rotating and reciprocating machinery, gears and gear trains. Prerequisite: MEC E 250.

Fall Term 2021
MEC E 380 - Advanced Strength of Materials I

Stress, strain, stress-strain relation, time-independent and time-dependent behavior, virtual work and energy theorems, deformations, indeterminate systems, matrix methods. Prerequisite: MEC E 260 and CIV E 270.

Winter Term 2022
MEC E 680 - Continuum Mechanics

Introduction to cartesian tensor algebra and calculus; analysis of finite deformation and kinematics of motion; transport theorems and balance laws; analysis of stress; continuum thermodynamics, constitutive equations and material symmetry with application to solids and fluids.

Winter Term 2022

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