Scott Chang

Professor (Forest Soils and Nutrient Dynamics), Faculty of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sci - Renewable Resources Dept

Contact

Professor (Forest Soils and Nutrient Dynamics), Faculty of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sci - Renewable Resources Dept
Email
scott.chang@ualberta.ca
Phone
(780) 492-6375
Address
4-24 Earth Sciences Building
11223 Saskatchewan Drive NW
Edmonton AB
T6G 2E3

Overview

About

Job/Research Area: Forest soils and nutrient dynamics

Scott Chang is a participant in the Land Reclamation International Graduate School (LRIGS) program sponsored by NSERC CREATE.

Awards

  • Soil Science Society of America Fellow (2016)
  • American Society of Agronomy Fellow (2016)
  • Faculty International Engagement Award, Faculty of Agricultural, Life & Environmental Sciences (2015)
  • University of Alberta Killam Annual Professor (2014)
  • Zijiang Visiting Chair Professorship (2010)

Research

Major Responsibilities/Research Interests: Forest soil processes, soil microbial ecology, carbon sequestration, application of N-15 tracer in forest soils research, forest fertilization, tree nutrition, forest ecophysiology, and silviculture-soil management interactions.

Courses

REN R 314 - Forest Soils

Chemical, physical, and biological properties and processes of soil in relation to site and the growth of forest vegetation; nutrient cycling; influences of surface soil erosion, fertilization, and fire upon forest soil productivity: forest land classification. Prerequisite: REN R 210.

Winter Term 2021 Winter Term 2022
REN R 446 - Climates and Ecosystems

The basic principles by which the cycles of water, carbon, and nutrients through soils, plants, and the atmosphere are controlled in terrestrial ecosystems under different climates. Interrelationships among water, carbon and nutrient cycles in natural and managed ecosystems that have developed in different climatic zones. Environmental consequences of human intervention in the cycles for food and fibre production in different ecosystems. Prerequisite: REN R 210. PL SC 221 or BOT 340 recommended.

Fall Term 2021
REN R 746 - Climates and Ecosystems

The basic principles by which the cycles of water, carbon, and nutrients through soils, plants, and the atmosphere are controlled in terrestrial ecosystems under different climates. Interrelationships among water, carbon and nutrient cycles in natural and managed ecosystems that have developed in different climatic zones. Environmental consequences of human intervention in the cycles for food and fibre production in different ecosystems. Not to be taken if credit received for REN R 446.

Fall Term 2021
REN R 749 - Forest Soils

Chemical, physical, and biological properties and processes of soil in relation to site and the growth of forest vegetation; nutrient cycling; influences of surface soil erosion, fertilization, and fire upon forest soil productivity: forest land classification. Not to be taken if credit received for REN R 314.

Winter Term 2021 Winter Term 2022
REN R 906 - Research Project

The final research project that comprises REN R 906 is a final capping exercise for the degrees of MAg and MF. Its practical and professional focus should integrate the core areas of study in the program. The successful completion of the project entails (1) a research topic approved by the supervisor; (2) the presentation of a draft research proposal; and (3) the presentation of the research as a written document to the supervisor. The project may take the form of any of the following: (1) a formal analysis of management practice, organizational processes or policy; (2) a formative or summative evaluation of a research project or program; (3) a case study, using secondary documents, survey data, or interviews; or (4) replication of a previous study, with either the introduction of a new variable or an analysis in a changed context.

Winter Term 2021

Browse more courses taught by Scott Chang

Publications

Pyrolysis temperature and steam activation effects on sorption of phosphate on pine sawdust biochars in aqueous solutions
Author(s): Lou, K.Y., Rajapaksha, A.U., Ok, Y.S. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Chemical Speciation and Bioavailability
Volume: 28
Page Numbers: 42–50

Soil respiration and its temperature sensitivity in agricultural and afforested poplar plantation systems in northern Alberta
Author(s): Chang, S.X., Shi, Z. and Thomas, B.R.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Biology and Fertility of Soils
Volume: 52
Page Numbers: 629-641

Sorption of copper(II) from synthetic oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) by pine sawdust biochars: effects of pyrolysis temperature and steam activation
Author(s): Lou, K.Y., Rajapaksha, A.U., Ok, Y.S. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Journal of Soils and Sediments
Volume: 16
Page Numbers: 2081-2089

Stand structural diversity rather than species diversity enhances aboveground carbon storage in secondary subtropical forests in Eastern China
Author(s): Ali, A., Yan, E.R., Chen, H.Y.H., Chang, S.X., Zhao, Y.T., Yang, X.D. and Xu, M.S.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Biogeosciences
Volume: 13
Page Numbers: 4627–4635

Warming and increasednitrogen deposition affect the cover, species richness and biomass of bryophytes in alpine ecosystems in Southwest China
Author(s): Sun, S.Q., Wang, G.X., Chang, S.X., Bhatti, J.S., Tian, W.L. and Peng, L.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Journal of Vegetation Science

Watering increased DOC concentration but decreased N2O emission from a mixed grassland soil under different defoliation regimes
Author(s): Cai, Y.J., Chang, S.X., Ma, B. and Bork, E.W.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Biology and Fertility of Soils

Coarse woody debris effects on greenhouse gas emission rates depend on cover soil type in oil sands reclamation
Author(s): Kwak, J.H., Chang, S.X., Naeth, M.A. and Schaaf, W
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Applied Soil Ecology
Volume: 100
Page Numbers: 124-134

Determinants of bacterial communities in Canadian agroforestry systems
Author(s): Banerjee, S., Baah-Acheamfour, M., Carlyle, C., Bissett, A., Richardson, A.E., Siddique, T., Bork, E. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Environmental Microbiology
Volume: 18:
Page Numbers: 1805-1816

Exponential fertilization promotes seedling growth by increasing N retranslocation in trembling aspen planted for oil sands reclamation
Author(s): Pokharel, P. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 372
Page Numbers: 35–43

Forest and grassland cover types reduce net greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils
Author(s): Baah-Acheamfour, M., Carlyle, C.N., Lim, S.S., Bork, E.W. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Science of the Total Environment

Methane emissions from the trunks of living trees on upland soils
Author(s): Wang, Z.P., Gu, Q., Deng, F.D., Huang, J.H., Megonigal, P., Yu, Q., Lü, X.T., Li, L.H., Chang, S.X., Zhang, Y.H., Feng, J.C. and Han, X.G.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: New Phytologist
Volume: 211
Page Numbers: 429-439

Mycorrhizal inoculation and nitrogen fertilization affect the physiology and growth of spring wheat under two contrasting water regimes
Author(s): Zhang, B.B., Liu, W.Z., Chang, S.X. and Anyia, A.O.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Plant and Soil
Volume: 398
Page Numbers: 47-57

Nitrogen transformation rates are affected by cover soil type but not coarse woody debris application in reclaimed oil sands soils
Author(s): Kwak, J.H., Chang, S.X., Naeth, M.A. and Schaaf, W.
Publication Date: 2016
Publication: Restoration Ecology
Volume: 24
Page Numbers: 506-516

Responses of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and white spruce (Picea glauca) to fertilization in some reconstructed boreal forest soils in the oil sands region
Author(s): Duan, M. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Ecological Engineering
Volume: 84
Page Numbers: 354-361

Sample storage-induced changes in the quantity and quality of soil labile organic carbon
Author(s): Sun, S.Q., Cai, H.Y., Chang, S.X., Bhatti, J.S.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Scientific Reports
Volume: 5
Page Numbers: 17496

SMART biochar technology – A shifting paradigm towards advanced materials and healthcare research
Author(s): Ok, Y.S., Chang, S.X., Gao, B., and Chung, H.J
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Environmental Technology and Innovation
Volume: 4
Page Numbers: 206-209

Stand age and soil productivity control soil CO2 efflux and soil organic carbon dynamics in hybrid poplar plantations
Author(s): Sun, S.Q., Bhatti, J.S., Jassal, R.S., Chang, S.X., Arevalo, C.M., Black, T.A. and Sidders, D.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Soil Science Society of America Journal
Volume: 79
Page Numbers: 1638-1649

Carbon pool size and stability are affected by trees and grassland cover types within agroforestry systems of western Canada
Author(s): Baah-Acheamfour, M., Chang, S.X., Carlyle, C.N. and Bork, E.W.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume: 213
Page Numbers: 105-113

Coarse woody debris extract decreases nitrogen availability in tworeclaimed oil sands soils in Canada
Author(s): Kwak, J.H., Chang, S.X., Naeth, M.A. and Schaaf, W
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Ecological Engineering
Volume: 84
Page Numbers: 13-21

Coarse woody debris increases microbial community functional diversity but not enzyme activities in reclaimed oil sands soils
Author(s): Kwak, J.H., Chang, S.X., Naeth, M.A. and Schaaf, W
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: PLOS ONE
Volume: 10
Issue: 11
Page Numbers: e0143857

Fine root dynamics in lodgepole pine and white spruce stands along productivity gradients in reclaimed oil sands sites
Author(s): Jamro, G.M., Chang, S.X., Naeth, M.A., Duan, M. and House, J.D.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Ecology and Evolution
Volume: 5
Issue: 20
Page Numbers: 4655–4670

Grazing, regional climate and soil biophysical impacts on microbial enzyme activity in grassland soil of western Canada
Author(s): Hewins, D.B., Fatemi, F., Adams, B., Carlyle, C.N., Chang, S.X and Bork, E.W.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Pedobiologia
Volume: 58
Page Numbers: 201-209

Limiting factors for lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and white spruce (Picea glauca) growth differ in some reconstructed sites in the Athabasca oil sands region
Author(s): Duan, M., House, J. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Ecological Engineering
Volume: 75
Page Numbers: 323-331

Nitrogen fertilization and tillage reversal affected water-extractable organic carbon and nitrogen differentially in a Black Chernozem and a Gray Luvisol
Author(s): Sun, L., Chang, S.X., Feng, Y.S., Dyck, M.F. and Puurveen, D.
Publication Date: 2015
Publication: Soil and Tillage Research
Volume: 146
Page Numbers: 253-260

Plant species richness affected nitrogen retention and ecosystem productivity in a full-scale constructed wetland
Author(s): Zhu, S.X., Zhang, P.L., Wang, H., Ge, H.L., Chang, J., Chang , S.X., Qiu, Z., Shao, H.B. and Ge, Y
Publication Date: 2012
Publication: Clean: Soil, Air, Water
Volume: 40
Page Numbers: 341–347

Quantitative trait loci for water-use efficiency in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) measured by carbon isotope discrimination under rain-fed conditions on the Canadian Prairies
Author(s): Chen, J., Chang, S.X. and Anya, A.O.
Publication Date: 2012
Publication: Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume: 125
Page Numbers: 71–90

Soil and crop response to wood ash and lime application in acidic soils
Author(s): Arshad, M.A., Soon, Y.K., Azooz, R.H., Lupwayi, N.Z. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2012
Publication: Agronomy Journal
Volume: 104
Page Numbers: 715–721

Soil moisture effects on gross nitrification differ between adjacent grassland and forested soils in central Alberta, Canada
Author(s): Cheng, Y., Cai, Z.C., Zhang, J.B., Lang, M., Mary, B. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2012
Publication: Plant and Soil
Volume: 352
Page Numbers: 289-301

Effectiveness of soil N availability indices in predicting site productivity in the oil sands region of Alberta
Author(s): Yan, E.R., Hu, Y.L., Salifu, F., Tan, X., Chen, Z.C., Chang, S.X
Publication Date: 2012
Publication: Plant and Soil
Volume: 359
Page Numbers: 215–231

Four years of simulated N and S depositions did not cause N saturation in a mixedwood boreal forest ecosystem in the oil sands region in northern Alberta, Canada
Author(s): Jung, K.H. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2012
Publication: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 280
Page Numbers: 62-70

Growth of aspen and white spruce on naturally saline sites in northern Alberta: Implications for development of boreal forest vegetation on reclaimed saline soils
Author(s): Lilles, E.B., Macdonald†, S.E., Purdy, B.G. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2012
Publication: Canadian Journal of Soil Science
Volume: 92
Page Numbers: 213-227

Mineralization potential and temperature sensitivity of soil organic carbon under different land uses in the Parkland region of Alberta, Canada
Author(s): Arevalo, C.B.M., Chang, S.X., Bhatti, J.S. and Sidders, D.
Publication Date: 2012
Publication: Soil Science Society of America Journal
Volume: 76
Page Numbers: 241-251

Plant functional group richness affected microbial community structure and function in a full-scale constructed wetland
Author(s): Zhang, C.B. Liu, W.L., Wang, J., Chen, T., Yuan, Q.Q., Huang, C.C., Ge, Y., Chang, S.X. and Chang, J
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Ecological Engineering
Volume: 37
Page Numbers: 1360-1368

Potential use of δ13C, δ15N, N concentration, and Ca/Al of Pinus densiflora tree rings in estimating historical precipitation pH
Author(s): Kwak, J.H., Lim, S.S., Chang, S.X., Lee, K.H. and Choi, W.J.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Journal of Soils and Sediments
Volume: 11
Page Numbers: 709-721

Responses of microbial activity and community metabolic profiles to plant functional group diversity in a full-scale constructed wetland
Author(s): Zhang, C.B., Ke, S.S., Wang, J., Ge, Y., Chang, S.X., Zhu, S.X. and Chang, J
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Geoderma
Volume: 160
Page Numbers: 503-508

Short-term plant community responses to warming and defoliation in a northern temperate grassland
Author(s): Deutsch, E.S., Bork, E.W., Cahill Jr, J.F. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: ISRN Ecology
Volume: vol. 2011
Issue: Article ID 926061
Page Numbers: 8 pp

Sulfate adsorption properties of acid-sensitive soils in the Athabasca oil sands region in Alberta, Canada
Author(s): Jung, K.H., Ok, Y.S. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Chemosphere
Volume: 84
Page Numbers: 457-463

The physiology and stability of leaf carbon isotope discrimination as a measure of water-use efficiency in barley on the Canadian prairies
Author(s): Chen, J., Chang, S.X. and Anyia, A.O.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science
Volume: 197
Page Numbers: 1-11

Effects of canopy-deposition interaction on H+ supply to soils in Pinus banksiana and Populus tremuloides ecosystems in the Athabasca oil sands region in Alberta, Canada
Author(s): Jung, K.H. Chang, S.X. and Arshad, M.A.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Environmental Pollution
Volume: 159
Page Numbers: 1327-1333

Effects of land-use type and incubation temperature on greenhouse gas emissions from Chinese and Canadian soils
Author(s): Lang, M., Cai, Z.C. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Journal of Soils and Sediments
Volume: 11
Page Numbers: 15-24

Effects of land-use type and incubation temperature on greenhouse gas emissions from Chinese and Canadian soils
Author(s): Lang, M., Cai, Z.C. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Journal of Soils and Sediments
Volume: 11
Page Numbers: 15-24

Effects of monocot and dicot types and species richness in mesocosm constructed wetlands on removal of pollutants from wastewater
Author(s): Zhang, C.B., Liu, W.L., Wang, J., Ge, Y., Ge, Y., Chang, S.X. and Chang, J.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Bioresource Technology
Volume: 102
Page Numbers: 10260-10265

Gene discovery in cereals through quantitative trait loci and expression analysis in water-use efficiency measured by carbon isotope discrimination
Author(s): Chen, J., Chang, S.X. and Anyia, A.O.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Plant Cell and Environment
Volume: 34
Page Numbers: 2009-2023

Gross N transformations were little affected by 4 years of simulated N and S depositions in an aspen-white spruce dominated boreal forest in Alberta, Canada
Author(s): Cheng, Y., Cai, Z.C., Zhang, J.B. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 262
Page Numbers: 571-578

Land use change effects on ecosystem carbon balance: from agricultural to hybrid poplar plantation
Author(s): Arevalo, C.B.M., Bhatti, J.S., Chang, S.X. and Sidders, D.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume: 141
Page Numbers: 342– 349

Nitrate/ammonium ratios affect ryegrass growth and nitrogen accumulation in a hydroponic system
Author(s): Cao, H.Q., Ge, Y., Liu, D., Cao, Q.J., Chang, S.X., Chang, J., Song, X.L. and Lin, X.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Journal of Plant Nutrition
Volume: 34
Page Numbers: 206–216

Organic soils of Canada. Part I. Wetland organic soils
Author(s): Kroetsch, D., Geng, X.Y., Chang, S.X. and Saurette, D.
Publication Date: 2011
Publication: Canadian Journal of Soil Science
Volume: 91
Page Numbers: 807-822

Soil and groundwater characteristics of saline sites supporting boreal mixedwood forests in northern Alberta
Author(s): Lilles, E.B., Purdy, B.G., Chang, S.X. and Macdonald, S.E.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Canadian Journal of Soil Science
Volume: 90
Page Numbers: 1-14

Soil respiration in four different land-use systems in north central Alberta, Canada
Author(s): Arevalo, C.B.M., Bhatti, J.S., Chang, S.X., Jassal, R.S. and Sidders, D.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences
Volume: 115
Issue: G01003
Page Numbers: 12

Spatial vegetation patterns as early signs of desertification: a case study of a desert steppe in Inner Mongolia, China
Author(s): Lin, Y., Han, G.D., Zhao, M.L. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Landscape Ecology
Volume: 25
Page Numbers: 1519–1527

Temperature and substrate effects on C & N mineralization and microbial community function of soils from a hybrid poplar chronosequence
Author(s): Teklay, T., Shi, Z., Attaeian, B. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Applied Soil Ecology
Volume: 46
Page Numbers: 413-421

Using vector analysis to understand temporal changes in understorey-tree competition in agroforestry systems
Author(s): Mead, D.J., Scott, J.T. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Forest Ecology and Management
Volume: 259
Page Numbers: 1200–1211

Water deficit and high temperature affected water use efficiency and arabinoxylan concentration in spring wheat
Author(s): Zhang, B.B., Liu, W.Z., Chang, S.X. and Anyia, A.O
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Journal of Cereal Science
Volume: 52:
Page Numbers: 263-269

Agricultural wastes (a review)
Author(s): Yang, X.J., Ikehata, K., Lerner, R., Hu, Y., Josyula, K., Chang, S.X., Liu, Y.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Water Environment Research
Volume: 82
Page Numbers: 1396-1425

Carbon mineralization of tree leaf litter and crop residues from poplar-based agroforestry systems in Northeast China: A laboratory study
Author(s): Zeng, D.H., Mao, R., Chang, S.X., Li, L.J., and Yang, D.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Applied Soil Ecology
Volume: 44
Page Numbers: 133-137

Dissolved soil organic carbon and nitrogen were affected by conversion of native forests to plantations in subtropical China
Author(s): Wu, J.S., Jiang, P.K., Chang, S.X., Xu, Q.F. and Lin, Y.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Canadian Journal of Soil Science
Volume: 90
Page Numbers: 27-36

Distribution of recent photosynthates in saplings of two hybrid poplar clones
Author(s): Arevalo, C.B.M., Bhatti, J.S., Chang, S.X. and Sidders, D
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Volume: 41
Page Numbers: 1004–1015

Ecophysiological differentiation of two Mosla species in response to nitrogen and water levels
Author(s): Wang, M., Chang, J., Ge†, Y., Chang, S.X., Huang, C.C. and Wang, S.Y
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Volume: 41
Page Numbers: 2699–2712

Effects of plant diversity on biomass production and substrate nitrogen in a subsurface vertical flow constructed wetland
Author(s): Zhu, S.X., Ge, H.L., Ge, Y., Cao, H.Q., Liu, D., Chang, J., Zhang, C.B., Gu, B.J. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Ecological Engineering
Volume: 36
Page Numbers: 1307–1313

Effects of plant diversity on microbial biomass and community metabolic profiles in a full-scale constructed wetland
Author(s): Zhang, C.B., Wang, J., Liu, W.L., Zhu, S.X., Ge, H.L., Chang, S.X., Chang, J. and Ge, Y.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Ecological Engineering
Volume: 36
Page Numbers: 62-68

Effects of plant diversity on nutrient retention and enzyme activities in a full-scale constructed wetland
Author(s): Zhang, C.B., Wang, J., Liu, W.L., Zhu, S.X., Liu, D., Chang, S.X., Chang, J. and Ge, Y.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Bioresource Technology
Volume: 101
Page Numbers: 1686-1692

Grazing intensity affected spatial patterns of vegetation and soil fertility in a desert steppe, Inner Mongolia, China
Author(s): Lin, Y., Hong, M., Han, G.D., Zhao, M.L., Bai, Y.F. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Volume: 138
Page Numbers: 282-292

Growth responses of two Mosla species to soil nitrogen and water supply
Author(s): Cao, Q.J., Wang, M., Ge, Y., Chang, S.X., Zhang, J.M. and Chang, J.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Botanical Studies
Volume: 51
Page Numbers: 451-456

Land-use type and temperature affect gross nitrogen transformation rates in Chinese and Canadian soils
Author(s): Lang, M., Cai, Z.C., Mary, B., Hao, X.Y. and Chang, S.X.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Plant and Soil
Volume: 334
Page Numbers: 377-389

NO3–/NH4+ ratios affect the growth and N removal ability of Acorus calamus and Iris pseudacorus in a hydroponic system
Author(s): Chang, J., Liu, D., Cao, H.Q., Chang, S.X., Wang, X.Y., Huang, C.C. and Ge, Y.
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Aquatic Botany
Volume: 93
Page Numbers: 216–220

Organic mulch and fertilization affect soil carbon pools and forms under intensively managed bamboo (Phyllostachys praecox) forests in southeast China
Author(s): Li, Y.F., Jiang, P.K., Chang, S.X., Wu, J.S. and Lin, L
Publication Date: 2010
Publication: Journal of Soils and Sediments
Volume: 10
Page Numbers: 739–747

Elevated UV-B radiation increased the decomposition of Cinnamanun camphora and Cyclobalanopsis glauca leaf litter in subtropical China
Author(s): Song, X.Z., Zhang, H.L., Chang, S.X., Jiang, H., Peng, C.H. and Yu, S.Q.
Publication: Journal of Soils and Sediments
Volume: 12
Page Numbers: 307-311