Students will integrate knowledge and practical skills in the areas of environmental chemistry and toxicology. The student will learn to predict how chemicals can move and transform in the environment based on physical and chemical properties, how this affects human and environmental exposure, and consequences thereof for health. The basic principles of toxicology will be taught and students will gain appreciation for the diversity of physiological and/or biochemical mechanisms by which toxicants cause their adverse effects, and the various defenses our bodies have evolved to employ. Open to graduate students in Laboratory Medicine and Pathology. Students from other departments may register with consent of the instructor.