Below are the courses available from the ENCS subject code. Select a course to view the available classes, additional class notes, class times, and textbooks.
Introduction to animals in the context of conservation, interactions with people, and roles in natural ecosystems. Labs provide a survey of North American animal life, both vertebrate and invertebrate, with emphasis on recognition of higher taxa and on hierarchical classification. Field trip. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. [Renewable Resources]
Global perspective of supply of and demand for water, basic hydrologic principles, concepts in water management, human intervention in the hydrologic cycle, and environmental issues related to this intervention. Prerequisite: *30 at the university level with at least *6 in the life or natural sciences. [Renewable Resources]
A philosophical and sociological exploration of historical and contemporary perspectives on human-environmental relationships and their implications. Explores these perspectives in a framework of critical thinking and through case studies. [Renewable Resources]
Students will gain a sociological understanding of contemporary Canadian politics in the food and natural resources sectors. Examination of the nature of political organizations and policymaking in Canada; the particular roles played by the state, the public, and certain sectors of civil society, including social movements, industry organizations, labour unions, scientific organizations, and rural and aboriginal peoples. Contemporary case studies may include climate change and energy dependence, genetic engineering in agribusiness, the organic food products movement, mining in the circumpolar north, forestry expansion in the boreal region and cod management in the Atlantic fisheries. No prerequisites. [Renewable Resources]
Principles and elements of environmental assessment with an interdisciplinary focus. Topics include types of environmental assessments, when to use them, data required, sampling strategies, how data should be collected and analyzed and ultimately communicated to pass legal and scientific scrutiny. Prerequisites: ENCS 201, PL SC 221; REN R 250; SOILS 210; STAT 151; REN R 299; or equivalents. Consent of Instructor required for students outside the Faculty of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences. [Renewable Resources]
Overview of Canadian laws and policies designed to control air, land, and water pollution including licensing systems, quasi-criminal sanctions, and environmental impact assessment processes. The course will also review relevant constitutional issues and consider alternative legal approaches to the resolution of environmental problems. Prerequisite: Completion of *60 of university-level course work. [Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology].
An introduction to rangeland conservation and wildlife habitat management. Examines the effects of grazing and browsing on ecosystems components, including rangeland soils, plants, plant communities, and landscapes. Discusses interactions among herbivores including livestock and wildlife. Reviews practical management activities such as rangeland inventory, improvements, planning, and condition assessment. Prerequisite: *3 in university-level biology. [Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science]
Global soil and water resources and their current rates of degradation. The main processes of degradation (erosion, loss of organic matter, salinization, pollution) and their causes. Consequences of degradation and conservation of resources through improved land use practices. Prerequisites: SOILS 210; and ENCS 203 or REN R 250. [Renewable Resources]
Introduction to the theoretical foundation for conservation science. Elements of population, community and landscape ecology will be reviewed, and their application to real-world challenges discussed. Objective is to provide students with the scientific tools to evaluate and develop conservation strategies for maintaining diversity in human-altered systems. Ethical and philosophical aspects of the socio-political arena in which conservation decisions are made and implemented are also explored. Prerequisites: BIOL 208 or (BIOL 108 and REN R 110) and *60 of university-level coursework. Credit will not be given for both ENCS 364 and either BIOL 367 or 467. This course has limited enrolment, with preference given to students in the ENCS, Conservation Biology and Management Program. [Renewable Resources]Sections may be offered in a Cost Recovery format at an increased rate of fee assessment; refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar.
Principles of wildlife ecology as applied to the management of wildlife communities. Special emphasis on the growth and regulation of populations, spatial patterns of population distribution, and interactions among species and their environments. Assignments will include quantitative exercises that demonstrate key principles. Prerequisite: BIOL 208. [Renewable Resources].
Examines major rangeland plant communities and their physical environments in western Canada, including individual plant identification and ecology. Includes a review of various land uses such as livestock and wildlife grazing within these communities, their response to disturbances such as herbivory and fire, and other management considerations. Prerequisite: ENCS 356, REN R 120, or BOT 210. ENCS 356 recommended. [Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science].
An in-depth study of the plants and communities of North American rangelands and wildland ecosystems, and their management. Prerequisites: ENCS 356; ENCS 406 strongly recommended. [Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science]
Principles and methods of biological, chemical, and physical remediation of soils contaminated by hazardous chemicals and other pollutants. Topics include bioremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soils; chemical restoration of heavy metal polluted soils, acid soils and mine spoils, and salt-affected soils; physical and biological restoration of compacted soils and hydrophobic soils contaminated with organic compounds or wastes; and risk analysis and soil quality criteria in soil remediation. Prerequisites: At least *75 university credit with emphasis on biophysical courses, and SOILS 430 recommended. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. [Renewable Resources]
The basic principles by which the cycles of water, carbon, and nutrients through soils, plants, and the atmosphere are controlled in terrestrial ecosystems under different climates. Interrelationships among water, carbon and nutrient cycles in natural and managed ecosystems that have developed in different climatic zones. Environmental consequences of human intervention in the cycles for food and fibre production in different ecosystems. Prerequisite: SOILS 210. Recommended courses: PL SC 221 or BOT 240. Credit may not be obtained in both ENCS 361 and 461. [Renewable Resources]
Principles and practices of planning and management of protected areas, including national and provincial parks and forest recreational systems; wilderness management; the integration of biological and sociological criteria in protected areas planning and management. Prerequisites: ENCS 260 and 364. [Renewable Resources]
Theoretical and applied considerations for maintaining endangered, threatened and rare populations and species, including provincial, national and international strategies. Contributory factors to decline and extinction are discussed, as are various recovery programs. Prerequisite: ENCS 364, or consent of Instructor. [Renewable Resources]
Field trip studies with a focus on environmental and conservation biology topics. Course content and offerings vary from year to year, and have included study trips on Northern Ecosystems, National Parks, and Protected Areas, Arctic Tundra, the Florida Everglades, and Galapagos Islands. Prerequisite: *9 in biological or ecological topics. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. [Renewable Resources]
Methods of communicating environmentally relevant subject matter to a broad audience. Includes discussion of guided walks, in-person presentations, brochures, visitor centers, exhibits, signs, magazine articles, books, video production, media relations skills, websites and ecotourism. [Renewable Resources]
Cumulative effects of fire, grazing, browsing, and improvement practices on the productivity and species composition of range and pasture ecosystems, including management implications. Extended field trip prior to the start of classes. Normally offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: ENCS 356. ENCS 406 recommended. [Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science].
An overview of principles and programs relating to environmental and conservation policy. Selected local, national, and international environmental policy issues. Not to be taken if credit received in ECON 467. Prerequisite: AREC 200, AREC 365, ECON 365, ECON 369, or FOREC 345. [Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology].
Issues, principles and science surrounding sustainable use of wildlife resources. Hunting, angling and trapping for subsistence, recreational and commercial purposes. Sociopolitical dimensions of harvest regulation, wildlife administration, and human demographic changes. Field trips. Requires payment of additional student instructional support fees. Refer to the Fees Payment Guide in the University Regulations and Information for Students section of the Calendar. Prerequisite: minimum of *6 of Renewable Resources or Biological Sciences courses at the 300-level or higher. [Renewable Resources]
Chemical, biological, and physical properties of anthropogenic wastes, their reactions in the soil environment, theory and practice for their chemical and biological immobilization and use in agriculture, forest, and urban lands. Prerequisites: consent of Instructor, must have completed at least *60 at the university-level. [Renewable Resources]
Plant-herbivore interactions and grazing systems management. Systems analysis, simulation modelling, expert systems, and other computer applications in wildlife and range management. Prerequisites: *60 at the university level with at least *6 in Biology or Ecology. [Renewable Resources]
An in-depth, seminar treatment of wetland ecology principles supplemented with student led discussion of wetland issues, management and current research drawn from local, regional and international sources. The course objective is to apply ecological bases of wetland ecology to understanding, developing and critiquing wetland management prescriptions. Prerequisite: consent of Instructor. [Renewable Resources]
A seminar course based on current readings and discussion in advanced, topical areas of wildlife ecology and conservation. Discussions will cover conceptual and methodological aspects in a wide range of areas. Prerequisites: ENCS 364 and 464, and/or consent of Instructor. Offered in alternate years, commencing 2003. [Renewable Resources]
An overview of principles and programs relating to environmental and conservation policy. Selected local, national, and international environmental policy issues. Not to be taken if credit received for ENCS 473 or ECON 467. Prerequisite: AREC 200, AREC 365, ECON 365, ECON 369, or FOREC 345. [Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology].