This course examines the theoretical basis of the whole systems approach to organizational change and the advantages of this approach compared to traditional approaches. It overviews the range of whole systems methodologies available for organizational change initiatives. The course leads to an in-depth knowledge of a number of the whole systems methodologies that will prepare practitioners to make informed decisions regarding their appropriateness for application in specific organizations or organizational situations. It leads finally to an in-depth, hands-on working knowledge (and experience level) with one of the most utilized whole systems methodologies in today's organization development world, i.e., Appreciative Inquiry. Prerequisite: SPH 580 or SPH 581 or consent of Instructor. Note: Credit may not be obtained for both PHS 583 and SPH 583.