The aim of this course is to promote an understanding of epidemiological methods and study designs and their application to improving human health, and is designed for students not specializing in epidemiology or biostatistics. Topics include measures of disease frequency, study design, bias, confounding, and assessing causation. A focus will be on critical review of epidemiologic studies through case studies. Students cannot receive credit for both PHS 596 and SPH 597. Prerequisite: Introductory statistics course or consent of Instructor. May contain alternate delivery sections; refer to the Tuition and Fees page in the University Regulations section of the Calendar.