First phase of an open-ended capstone design project encompassing a number of civil engineering disciplines. Develop a preliminary design for a project; prepare regular team reports, design memos, engineering drawings and presentations; and present findings during a seminar. Note: Restricted to fourth-year traditional and fifth-year co-op civil and environmental engineering students. Prerequisites: CIV E 303, 315, 321, 331, 374, and 381. Students must take CIV E 461 in the following winter term after CIV E 460 to have CIV E 460 counted as a program and technical elective; otherwise it will be counted as an extra to degree course.