This professional development course helps develop the intellectual independence transferable to employment within and outside the academy, including the creativity to solve complex situations through the exercise of responsibility and autonomy. From an Indigenous Studies perspective, this course introduces students to career development and professional issues within the academy, and the public and private sectors. Students will work on developing their research and writing skills to a level that will satisfy peer review and merit publication. Students will work on orally communicating complex ideas cogently, clearly and effectively. Students will work on the technical skills required for writing for different audiences and within the PhD process including, in particular, the preparation of comprehensive and candidacy examinations, as well as completing a dissertation in a timely manner.