Focuses on visualizing and analyzing complex biological or environmental data for the purpose of prediction and scientific hypothesis testing. Covers classical and modern approaches to ordination and classification, direct and indirect gradient analysis, and models of ecological and environmental interactions. Participants engage in problem-based learning by analyzing data from their thesis research project. Students without a suitable dataset should enroll in two or more *1 REN R 58X courses instead. Prerequisite: *3 introductory statistics recommended.